Too Much Swegs

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Muslim World Unit

bazaar

a marketplace

kilim

a woven rug

arabesque

something that is made in a style like Arab

burqa

a piece of clothing worn by women, covering them from head to toe

mosque

a place where muslims gather to worship Islam

minaret

a tower where prayer is called from

muezzin

someone who calls prayer from a minaret

mihrab

the place in a mosque that is closest to Mecca

absolution fountain

a place where Muslims go to purify themselves before prayer

imam

the one who leads prayer in a mosque

oases

green areas fed by underground water

sheik

Leader of an Arab tribe

bedouins

Arab nomads who were vegitarians because their livestock were too valueable

kaaba

A black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine

muhammad

A prophet who introduced a religion called Islam in Arabia.

hijrah

the breaking of relationships between mecca and muslims

madina

the city of the prophet

quran

messages from allah put into a book considered the most holy in Islam

five pillars

belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimmage

law code

explains how society should be run

sunna

the names given to muhammads customs

caliphs

the succesor to the messenger of allah

righty guided caliphs

the first four caliphs. abu bakr, umar, uthaman, ali

ummayad

caliphs who ruled from 661 to 750.

damascus

the new capital of syria the ummayads chose

people of the book

christians and jews

sufis

muslisms who spent their time learning and praying

timbuktu

the leading center of learning in the 1300's

cordoba

the center of culture, and politics in spain

shiites

believed that ali, muhammad's son should succeed him and all future caliphs should be his decendants

sunni

accepted umayyad dynasty as rightful caliphs

abassids

dynasty after umayyad, lasting until 1258

baghdad

capital near the tigris and euphrates rivers

seljuk turks

nomads who overtook the abassids

sultan

"Holder of power"

suleiman the first

an ottoman ruler interested in architecture, brilliant general

visizer

officials more powerful than the sultans

janissaries

slaves, usually christians

moguls

muslim warriors

delhi

moguls made this the capital of their empire

akbar

brought peace and stability to part of india, as a ruler of the moguls

al-razi

a muslim chemist who developed a system for categorizing substances and created books to help identify sicknesses

ibn sina

A Persian doctor that showed how diseases spread from one person to another.

omar khayyam

A famous Muslim scholar and astronomer. Best known for "The Rubaiyat" which was a collection of 4 line poems.

ibn khaldun

A Muslim Historian who wrote that all civilizations, rise and fall. He was also one of the first historians to study the affect of geography and climate on people.

granada

A city in southeastern Spain.

agra

where the taj mahal is located

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