a woven rug
something that is made in a style like Arab
a piece of clothing worn by women, covering them from head to toe
a place where muslims gather to worship Islam
a tower where prayer is called from
someone who calls prayer from a minaret
the place in a mosque that is closest to Mecca
a place where Muslims go to purify themselves before prayer
the one who leads prayer in a mosque
green areas fed by underground water
Leader of an Arab tribe
Arab nomads who were vegitarians because their livestock were too valueable
A black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
A prophet who introduced a religion called Islam in Arabia.
the breaking of relationships between mecca and muslims
the city of the prophet
messages from allah put into a book considered the most holy in Islam
belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimmage
explains how society should be run
the names given to muhammads customs
the succesor to the messenger of allah
righty guided caliphs
the first four caliphs. abu bakr, umar, uthaman, ali
caliphs who ruled from 661 to 750.
the new capital of syria the ummayads chose
people of the book
christians and jews
muslisms who spent their time learning and praying
the leading center of learning in the 1300's
the center of culture, and politics in spain
believed that ali, muhammad's son should succeed him and all future caliphs should be his decendants
accepted umayyad dynasty as rightful caliphs
dynasty after umayyad, lasting until 1258
capital near the tigris and euphrates rivers
nomads who overtook the abassids
"Holder of power"
suleiman the first
an ottoman ruler interested in architecture, brilliant general
officials more powerful than the sultans
slaves, usually christians
moguls made this the capital of their empire
brought peace and stability to part of india, as a ruler of the moguls
a muslim chemist who developed a system for categorizing substances and created books to help identify sicknesses
A Persian doctor that showed how diseases spread from one person to another.
A famous Muslim scholar and astronomer. Best known for "The Rubaiyat" which was a collection of 4 line poems.
A Muslim Historian who wrote that all civilizations, rise and fall. He was also one of the first historians to study the affect of geography and climate on people.
A city in southeastern Spain.
where the taj mahal is located