Daily oral language (DOL)
It involves using a text that has many errors for children to notice and fix up.
It is a wall in the classroom on which teachers place word cards grouped by initial letter.
Active problem solvers who are expected to take initiative in solveing their own reading difficulties.
Dynamic ability groups
A small number of children who have similar reading abilities are selected to read together.
Sets of texts that begin with easy texts that are highly repetitive with few words. Gradually children read more difficult texts that include more words and more complex, literary and informational language.
A combination of letters that is reliably associated with a particular pronunciation, especially in the middle and final positions of a word.
Scope and sequence
A list of skills students in a particular grade are expected to learn and that their teachers are required to assess and teach. Usually found in a published basal reading series or in a district or state curriculum guide.
A word-study activity in which children collect words by making word cards for them, and then, after several days of collecting, arrange the cards according to the words' spelling patterns.
It is a system for associating word parts (individual sounds or larger chunks of spoken words) with individual letters or combinations of letters.
Consonant phonemes that are spelled with two letters.
/A/ as in ate, /E/ as in east, /I/ as in ice, /O/ as in oat, and /U/ as in use.
/a/ as in ask, /e/ as in ebb, /i/ as in it, /ah/ in odd, /uh/ as in up.
Vowels whose distinctiveness is diminished by their being followed by /r/.
Systematic phonics instruction
They teach with a sequence of phonics skills in mind.
Embedded phonics instruction
This occurs while children are reading continuous, authentic, and functional texts, such as in guided reading instruction or writing in journals.
It includes all that a teacher might do or say during embedded insturction to support a child in successfully applying phonics generalizations.
Automatic sight vocabularies
Are all the words that can be read immediately, on sight, without having to use decoding strategies; a reader looks at a sight word and recognizes it in less than one-tenth of a second.
A component of writing instruction, in which a teacher provides to a whole-class group a short period of focused instruction about some small part of the writing process.