Earth Science Quiz 3 Review

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D

You are part of which sphere of Earth?
A. Hydrosphere
B. Atmosphere
C. Lithosphere
D. Biosphere

C

After building a sand castle on the beach, you decide to jump into the ocean. Which geospheres of Earth did you interact with?
A. Biosphere and hydrosphere
B. Biosphere and lithosphere
C. Hydrosphere and lithosphere
D. Atmosphere and biosphere

B

This sphere is the layer of Earth that contains a mixture of gases.
A. Hydrosphere
B. Atmosphere
C. Lithosphere
D. Biosphere

A

A forest fire does severe damage to Earth's biosphere, burning many trees and other plants. Losing this vegetation can increase soil erosion, impacting the lithosphere. This example describes:
A. How spheres are interdependent
B. How a forest can look after a fire
C. The process of deforestation
D. How the atmosphere impacts other spheres

B

Bacteria from the soil absorb nitrogen from the air and convert it into ammonium. This is an example of
A. The hydrologic cycle
B. Nitrogen fixation
C. Assimilation
D. Carbon cycle

C

When the atmosphere has too much carbon dioxide in it, the oceans absorb some of it to achieve a new balace. This is an example of
A. The hydrosphere
B. A geochemical cycle cycle
C. sphere interaction
D. The hydrologic cycle

D

You have an ecosystem with the following organisms: birds, fruit trees, tigers, and monkeys. Which list would best describe the food chain?
A. Tigers, monkeys, birds, fruit trees
B. Birds, fruit trees, monkeys, tigers
C. Fruit trees, birds, tigers, monkeys
D. Fruit trees, birds/monkeys, tigers

A

Food chains and webs not only describe the order in which organisms are eaten, but they also describe the
A. flow of energy
B. importance of the ecosystem
C. health of the ecosystem
D. animals that are related

C

The main consequence of the many cycles of Earth, such as the life cycle, biogeochemical , and geochemical cycles is
A. Keeping the earth running and moving
B. Keeping us alive
C. Maintaining a balace or equilibrium on earth
D. Adding and removing earth materials and chemicals

Nitrogen

A biogeochemical cycle that cycles material by fixation, assimilation, ammonification, nitrification, denitrification, and the food chain.

Phosphorus

A biogeochemical cycle that cycles material by weathering, erosion, tectonic activity, and the food chain

Tectonic

A geochemical cycle that cycles material by mantle convection, subduction, and seafloor spreading.

Carbon

A biogeochemical cycle that cycles material by photosynthesis, respiration, and the food chain

Hydrologic

A biogeochemical cycle that cycles material by evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and transpiration

Rock

A geochemical cycle that cycles material by weathering, erosion, deposition, cementation, and metamorphism

biosphere and hydrosphere

Water pollution can clog the gills of fish, chocking them. In this example the ? is dependent on the ?.

potential

When a pitcher is holding a baseball, the ball has ? energy.

Kinetic

After the pitcher throws the ball, the ball has ? energy.

biosphere

The hydrologic, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles are essential to the ?. This is why they are called biogeochemical cycles.

B

The first law of thermodynamics states that
A. When a process converts energy from one form to another, some energy converts into heat, a less usable form of energy
B. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can change from one form to another.
C. Energy flows through ecosystems without being recycled
D. Most energy is ecosystems comes from the Sun.

A

The second law of thermodynamics states that
A. When a process converts energy from one form to another, some energy converts into heat, a less- usable form of energy
B. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can change from one form to another
C. Energy flows through ecosystems without being recycled
D. Most energy in ecosystems comes from the Sun.

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