Poland's national diet; reason why it failed to gain any centralization
assemblies can be stopped by one dissenting member; reason why Poland failed to gain centralization
William of Orange, hereditary heirs of throne, forced development of a centralized government, hereditary as monarchs.
Opposed Monarchial Force, led by States General, advocated a decentralized, more republican form of gov.
Assembly of representatives from every province
Dutch were unique for their ____________
Financial Center (Amsterdam)
-Exchange Bank of Amsterdam, best public bank
-Trade profits left money for investment
-Amsterdam Stock Exchange
Commercial Center (Amsterdam)
-population flew up, caused city to expand
-merchants had vast fleets of ships
-invention of the fluyt, enabled enormous imports timber iron, cereals, ++
-chief port for Dutch West and East Trading Companies.
-wealth from war profits, supplier for military goods
Social Structure (Amsterdam)
Top: butt rich merchants, manufacturers, ++
2nd: lawyers, teachers, bureaucrats, guild members, nobles.
3rd: artisans, manual laborers
Bottom: beggars, unskilled laborers, poor immigr...