Ch. 4 Mental Disorders and Suicide

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Health terms associated with Chapter 4 Mental Disorders and Suicide.

mental disorder

an illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others

anxiety

fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn't pose as much threat as you think

anxiety disorder

when anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living

phobia

anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object

obsession

an unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind

compulsion

an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome

mood disorder

experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives

depression

An emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless.

schizophrenia

A disorder characterized by severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior

personality disorder

display rigid patterns of behavior that make it difficult for them to get along with others.

eating disorder

A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder involving a pattern of self-starvation that results in an unhealthy and potentially dangerous low body weight

bulimia

An eating disorder in which a person has uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging.

binge eating disorder

regularly have an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food

clinical depression

may feel sad and hopeless for months

cutting

the use of a sharp object to intentionally cut or scratch one's body deep enough to bleed

cluster suicides

A series of suicides that occur within a short period of time in the same peer group or community.

psychiatrist

A physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders

neurologist

a physician who treats physical disorders of the nervous system

clinical psychologist

trained to recognize and treat behavior that is not normal

psychiatric social worker

A mental health professional who helps people with mental disorders and their families to accept and adjust to an illness.

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