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rhetoric

the art of speaking properly

acropolis

hilltop city in ancient Greece "a high city"

Monarchy

government headed by a king or queen

comedy

humerous plays; ridicule people, ideas, or custom

epic

a long narrative poem of a hero

democracy

government by the citizens; started in Athens

tragedy

drama with suffering of a major character

polis

a greek city state

ode

a poem written to honor a special person

helot

spartan slave

phalanx

a massive formation of heavily armed foot soldiers

fresco

wall paintings made with wet plaster

lyric

a poem sung by a musician with musical instrument

ostracism

temporary exile of a citizen from a city-state

peloponnesus

southern half of greece

delian league

defense alliance of greek city states led by athens

mount olympus

highest mountain in greece and home to the greek dieites

alexandria

center of the Hellenistic culture

olympia

were the olympics were held

marathon

battle where the greeds defeated persian empire

peloponnesian league

defense alliance headed by sparta; athens was not invited and did not attend

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