Muscular Diseases

Created by aleventhal 

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Bursitis

inflammation of the sac around a joint

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

swelling of the tendon in the wrist, causing pressure on the median nerve

cramps

contraction of one or more muscles

electromyography

a record of the contraction of a muscle as a result of electrical stimulation

fibromyalgia

a disorder of pain; tenderness and stiffness in joint capsule of muscle, tendons, and soft tissue

fibrosis

abnormal formation of fibrous tissue (a scar)

ganglion cyst

tumors developing on a tendon (sometimes on back of wrist)

hernia

protrusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity which normally contains it

hypothermia

a condition in which the body temperature drops below normal

muscular dystrophy

muscular weakness; nerve impulse fails to induce normal muscle contractions

myalgia

pain in the muscle

myastenia gravis

condition of no strength in the muscle; neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating muscle weakness; autoimmune disease

myoma

a muscle tumor

myositis

inflammation of muscle tissue

myotomy

division or dissection of muscles

poliomyelitis

inflammation of gray matter in the spinal cord which may or may not cause paralysis

pseudohypertrophy

"false muscle growth" caused by certain diseases

rigor mortis

stiffness due to death

shin splints

injury to the tibial muscle; pain on the anterior of leg

tendinitis

inflammation of the lining and enclosed tendon

tenosynovitis

inflammation of any tendon sheath

torticollis

stiff neck caused by contraction of the neck muscles

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