The part of the enzyme that provides catalysis.
an organic molecule consisting of a central carbon atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, an amino group, a carboxyl group, and a R group.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule whose three high-energy phosphate bonds, spit, powering many biological processes
compound containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, with twice as many hydrogens as oxygens; sugar or starch. (1:2:1)
An element that is a main component of life forms on earth and is capable of forming four bonds with other elements including other carbons
A carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen and single-bonded to a hydroxyl group (OH)
Speeding a chemical reaction
An insoluble polysaccaride that is a component of plant cell walls, indigestible by humans.
A sterol that is vital to cell membranes and can be modified to form sex hormones and other lipids.
The two DNA strands are "opposite" each other. One right side up the other upside down
The three dimensional shape of a protein
Formation of a covalent bond between two molecules by loss of water
A dramatic change in structure that destroys a protein's function.
Attraction between two sulfur atoms within a protein molecule.
A protein that catalyzes a specific type of chemical reaction.
A steroid hormone produced in ovaries of female vertebrates that helps regulate reproductive cycles.
A hydrocarbon chain that is part of a triglyceride.
An atom or molecule added to a carbon skeleton that confers distinct chemical properties
A sequence of DNA that specifies the sequence of amino acids of a particular polypeptide.
Correspondence between specific DNA base triplets and amino acids.
A molecule made up of a oligosaccharide combined with a lipid
a molecule made up of an oligosaccharide combined with a protein
a molecule containing mostly carbon and hydrogen
splitting a molecule by adding water
Hydrophobic compound that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, but with much less oxygen than carbohydrates have.
A single link in a polymeric molecule
a sugar that is one five- of six-carbon unit
a common part of a transcription factor
a nitrogen-containing compound that forms part of a nucleotide in a nucleic acid
DNA or RNA
A medium length complex carbohydrate formed by linking together several monosaccharides
A chemical bond between amino acids; results from dehydration synthesis
A functional group composed of phosphorous and oxygen, having the formula PO4
a molecule consisting of two fatty acid chains and a phosphate; hydrophobic at one end and hydrophilic at the other end
a long molecule composed of similiar subunits.
A complex carbohydrate consisting of hundreds of linked monosaccharides
The amino acid sequence of protein
a polymer of amino acids
The organization of polypeptide chains of a protein.
A starting material in a chemical reaction
An amino acid side chain
a single-stranded nucleic acid consisting of nucleotides containing a phosphate, ribose, and nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and Uracil.
A five carbon sugar that is a structural component of RNA.
A triglyceride with single bonds between the carbons of its fatty acid tails
The shape a protein assumes when amino acids close together in the primary structure chemically attract
a polysaccharide used as a storage molecule by plants, a major food source for humans and other animals.
Lipid molecule based on a complex molecule of four interconnected carbon rings.
a reactant an enzyme acts upon.
The shape a protein assumes when amino acids far apart in a primary structure chemically attract one another.
A male steroid hormone that regulates sperm production and development of male characteristics
A type of fat that consists of one glycerol bonded to three fatty acids.
A triglyceride with at least one double bond between the carbons in its fatty acid tails
ONE ribose sugar carbons phosphate and nitrongenous base. A bunch of nucleotides make nucleic acid