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natural law

a body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct.

natural right

any right that exists by virtue of natural law

enlightened despot

a form of absolute monarchy

laissez faire

an environment in which transactions between private parties are free from state intervention

salon

a gather place for people under the roof of political right.

cencorship

the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society

deficit spending

government spending in excess of revenue of funds raised by borrowing rather than from taxation

blockade

an act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people form entering or leaving

bourgeoise

the middle class (3rd estate)

emigre

after the French revolution, there were the nobles that moved out of France

nationalism

patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts

sans culottes

a lower class Parisian republican in the French Revolution

suffrage

the right to vote in political elections

tariffs

a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports

plebiscites

a direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question like a change in the constitution

scorched-earth policy

a military strategy or operational method which involves destroying anything that might be useful to the enemy

abdicate

to give up power

exile

the state of being barred from one's native country, typically for political reasons.

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