cell organelles

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cytoplasm

watery environment in which the organelles "float around"

mitochondria

sites of cellular respiration and energy production

golgi body

synthesizes carbohydrates and packages secretions for the cell

nucleus

the "brain" of the cell that controls the cell's functions; contains DNA/acts as information center for cell reproduction and other cell functions

nuclear membrane

controls what goes in and out of the nucleus

cell wall

rigid layer of a plant cell to provide protection and support

vacuole

storage area for a cell (often holds food and water)

endoplasmic reticulum

"highway" in a cell to transport materials/provides channels through which transport of material occurs in cytoplasm

ribosome

creates proteins for the cell

chloroplast

pigment (=color) containing organelle in plants that is used to produce energy

cell membrane

thin layer that controls what goes in and out of a cell

lysosome

organelle that breaks down waste for the cell/center of cellular digestion

nucleolus

acts as a reservoir for RNA/central region in the nucleus

centrosome

contains centrioles that are functional during reproduction of animal cells

chromosome

contains the hereditary material (DNA), the agents for distribution of hereditary information. Humans have 23 pairs

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