government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away.
system of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
the great charter--at Runnymede in 1215. The power of monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed. Trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility. First document to limit the power of England's Monarch.
Petition of Right
limited the King's power. Monarch was subject to the law of the land.
English Bill of Rights
designed to prevent abuse of power by English Monarch agreed on by William and Mary of England in 1689.
a written grant of authority from the king.
a legislative body composed of two chambers.
a person to whom the king had made a grant of land
a legislative body composed of one chamber (one house).
a joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Albany Plan of Union
meeting to discuss the problems of colonial trade and the danger of attacks by the French and their Native American allies.
Stamp Act of 1765
parliament passed a law that required the use of tax stamps on all legal documents, on certain business agreements and on newspapers.
a refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
withdrawn or cancelled
government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Articles of Confederation
established " a firm league of friendship among the states. The states came together" for their common defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare.
the person chosen by congress to be their chair person of president. (Not of the U.S.)
the group of delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention
the first plan for a new constitution--this plan called for three separate branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.
New Jersey Plan
presented as an alternative to the Virginia plan. Called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented.
Connecticut delegation suggested this. Congress should be composed of two houses. The senate, the states would be represented equally and in the house would be represented based upon its population.
all "free persons" should be counted and three fifths of all persons to be counted (slaves)
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any state. Forbidden the power to act on the slave trade.
one of two groups that favored ratification
this group opposed ratification of the constitution (ratification=formal approved)