Science 6th Grade Chapter 2 Plants

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Silver Burdett and Ginn pages 60-89

root hair

a threadlike structure that grows from the surface of a root

xylem

a kind of tissue made of tubes that carry water and minerals upward a plant

phloem

a kind of tissue made of tubes that carry food through a plant

stomates/stomata

small openings usually found on the bottom surface of leaves

photosynthesis

the process by which plants make food/energy

chloroplast

a green structure in plant cells where food is made

chlorophyll

a green pigment the absorbs energy from sunlight

respiration

a process in living things in which oxygen combines with food, releasing energy

stamen

the male reproductive part of a flower

sperm

the male reproductive cell

pistil

the female reproductive part of a flower

ovary

the large base of the pistil

ovule

a body that contains a female reproductive call, called an egg cell

pollination

the process by which pollen grains move from a stamen to a pistil

fertilization

the joining of a sperm and an egg cell

anther

the part of the stamen that contains pollen

stigma

The sticky part of a pistil, which traps pollen grains.

pollen tube

a tube connecting the stigma to the ovary

nectar

a sweet liquid that many kinds of flowers produce

pollen

a fine powder that contains the male reproductive cell

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