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supreme court

highest judicial body in US

federal judiciary

supreme court leads the _________

9

how many justices are there?

8

how many associate justices are there?

president

who nominates judges for the supreme court?

senate

who must approve judges for the supreme court?

advice and consent

nominees become supreme court judges with the _____ and _____ of the senate.

senate judiciary committee

who hears the testimony of supreme court judge nominees?

life

how long is a supreme judge appointed for?

no

has a supreme court judge ever been impeached

when they believe they'll be replaced with a like-minded judge

when do most supreme court judges retire?

appellate court

what type of court is the supreme court mainly?

appellate court

court that hears cases other courts have heard before

no

does the supreme court hear criminal cases?

unconstitutional laws

what type of cases does the supreme court hear?

1. interpreting federal law 2. to correct a previous ruling 3. review rulings of lower courts

what 3 reasons does the supreme court serve?

100

around how many cases does the supreme court typically hear a year?

7000

how many cases are usually petitioned to the supreme court each year?

13

how many appeals courts are there?

appeals courts

what is the middle level of the federal court system?

94

how many district courts are there?

district courts

what is the lowest level of the federal court system?

petitioner

the accusing party

1. decides where courts should go 2. allocates funds

2 ways congress uses checks and balances over judicial branch

yes

are military courts part of the federal court system?

yes

are lawyers who represent the government part of the department of justice?

theoretically neutral

how political is the court?

liberal

anti-death penalty

liberal

pro-choice

liberal

support rights of the accused

liberal

against expansion of police powers

liberal

support civil rights

liberal

support women's rights

liberal

support gay rights

liberal

allow environmental regulations

liberal

smaller scope of presidential authority

liberal

stricter about separation of church and state

conservative

support power of the police

conservative

not as supportive of rights of the accused

conservative

favor death penalty

conservative

favor military deference

conservative

not supportive of women's rights

conservative

not supportive of gay rights

conservative

approve of state involvement in religion

conservative

larger scope of presidential authority

conservative

pro-life

conservative

rend to favor property rights over environmental protection

john roberts

chief justice

conservative

john roberts' political leaning

conservative

samuel alito's political leaning

liberal

ruth bader-ginsberg's political leaning

conservative

anthony kennedey's political leaning

conservative

antonin scalia's political leaning

liberal

sonia sotomayor's political leaning

liberal

elaina kagan's political leaning

conservative

clarence thomas' political leaning

liberal to moderate

stephen breyer's political leaning

1. samuel alito 2. ruth bader-ginsberg 3. anthony kennedy 4. antonin scalia 5. sonia sotomayor 6. elaina kagan 7. clarence thomas 8. stephen breyer

8 associate justices

1. samuel alito 2. antonin scalia 3. clarence thomas 4. john roberts 5. anthony kennedey

5 conservative justices

1. ruth bader-ginsberg 2. elaina kagan 3. steven breyer 4. sonia sotomayor

4 liberal justices

clerk

justice's assistant

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