a reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing well known from literature, history, religion, pop culture, etc.
an emotional release which brings about renewal of the self or welcome relief from anxiety, tension, etc.
a person in a story.
an obstacle to the protagonist or character who is involved in the most important conflict with the protagonist.
the main character, the one who "drives the action."
a realistic character that has many different character traits; fully developed; three-dimensional.
a character that, having only one or two traits, is easily described and one-dimensional (like a cardboard figure).
a character who remains the same or changes very little from beginning to end.
a character who changes in some important way as a result of what happens in the story. Change may involve some new knowledge or a different way of behaving or feeling.
An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype
A character that is used to contrast another character
the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story.
the author explains directly what the character is like (kind, evil, etc.).
The author shows what the character is like by presenting the character's: speech, appearance, & inner thoughts/feelings
a struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces.
person vs. person; person vs. society; person vs. nature/environment.
person vs. self.
All the meanings, associations or emotions that a word suggests
The literal, dictionary definition of a word
lines of a conversation or speech included in a literary work.
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
A scene in a movie, play, short story, novel or narrative poem that interrupts the present action of the plot to "flash backward" and tell what happened at an earlier time.
clues which hint at events to come in a play or story.
writing which presents the mannerisms, dress, speech and customs of a particular geographical region.
a kind of type of literature (poetry, drama, fiction, etc.)
a story that ends happily.
a story that is written to be acted out in front of an audience.
a short piece of nonfiction prose that examines a single subject.
a long story told in poetry relating deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of his society.
a literary work (story, novel, play) portraying imaginary characters and events.
story involving fantasy to express ideas about life that cannot be expressed easily in realistic terms.
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imaginations
prose writing that deals with real people, events and places.
a long fictional story which uses all the elements of storytelling (plot, character, setting, point of view, theme).
fiction of a highly imaginative or fantastic kind, generally involving some actual or projected scientific phenomenon.
a play, novel, or other narrative depicting serious events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end.
language that appeals to any of the senses.
a contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality.
words imply the opposite of what they literally mean. (Sarcasm)
the outcome of events or the state of affairs is the opposite of what one would expect.
the reader perceives something significant that the character misses.
The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development
a figure of speech that compares two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing (or is another thing) without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles.
A metaphor that is extended or developed, over several lines of writing or throughout an entire poem
an extended speech given by one speaker
atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
one who tells a story.
a statement that appears contradictory but which may be shown to contain a truth.
a metaphor in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human.
the series of related events that make up a story.
the first part of a fictional story; the part in which characters, setting and their conflict are usually introduced.
the point in a story, play, etc., when conflict is introduced or initiated.
the portion of a story or play in which conflict intensifies, leading to the climax. (often contains many complications)
the most significant and exciting moment in a plot, a turning point when the outcome is decided one way or another.
the point in a story or play following the climax in which the intensity of action or conflict diminishes and leads to the resolution.
the final part of the story where problems/conflicts are resolved and the story is "closed"
the final part of the story where problems/conflicts are not necessarily resolved (i.e. cliff hanger)
Point of View
the vantage point from which the writer has chosen to tell the story.
First Person Narrator
one of the characters tells the story ("I").
Third Person Limited
the narrator (not a character) focuses on thoughts and feelings of one of the characters.
Third Person Omniscient
the narrator knows everything about the characters and various situations.
literary expression not marked by rhyme or metrical regularity.
A play on the multiple meanings of a word, or two words that sound alike but have different meanings
writing which ridicules society, a group, a social institution, etc., in order to reveal a weakness.
feeling of growing uncertainty about the outcome of events (what will "happen next") in a story or play.
the time and place of a story or play.
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a term such as like, as, resembles, or than.
a comparison between two unlike things, using a term such as like, as, resembles, or than, except that the comparison is extended and explains heroic or epic events in terms of everyday happenings.
a person, place, thing or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself.
the central idea of a literary work.
the author's attitude toward his or her subject, character or audience.
words spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character (words, which supposedly, are not overheard by the others on the stage).
a line of poetry that contains five iambs (units which consist of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, as in the word, arise). (Shakespeare)
an unusually long speech in which a character on stage alone expresses his or her thoughts.
An adjective or other descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thing
arrogance; excessive self-pride and self-confidence, especially in reference to Greek tragic heroes whose pride led them to ignore warnings from the gods and thus invite catastrophe.
the repetition of the same consonant sounds in words that are close together, or the repetition of consonant sounds that are very similar.
the repetition of similar vowel sounds enclosed in different consonant sounds (e.g., "same" and "fade").
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
the repetition of the same consonant sounds before and after changing vowel sounds, as in "tick-tock" or "step-stop".
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.
a basically regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning (e.g., "fizz," "crackle").
generally, sounds repeated through stressed syllables (exception: see eye rhyme).
repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem.
Slant, Half, Approximate Rhyme
words that do repeat some sounds but do not have exact chiming sounds ("find" and "sign").
rhyme inside (within) a line of poetry, rather than at the end of the line.
words creating visual alikeness without sounding at all alike (as in "cough" and "though").
the pattern of rhymes in a poem. To indicate the rhyme scheme of a poem, we use a separate letter of the alphabet for each rhyme.
a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of other sound patterns.
a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has a set rhyme scheme (Shakespearean: three quatrains and one couplet).