The Constitution Ch 3

20 terms by nicmur96 

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Preamble

a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)

constitutionalism

advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles

rule of law

principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern

separation of powers

Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law

checks and balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power

veto

the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)

judicial review

the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional

unconstitutional

not consistent with or according to a constitution

federalism

the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units

amendment

a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)

formal amendment

change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the Constitution itself through one of four methods set forth in the Constitution

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments to the Constitution

informal amendment

A change in meaning, but not the wording, of the Constitution.

executive agreement

an agreement made between the president and a head of state

treaty

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

electoral college

the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president

cabinet

persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers

senatorial courtesy

Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective appointees for approval to senators from the states in which the appointees are to work.

articles

one of seven main divisions of the body of the constitution

popular vote

vote of the people in a "general election"

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