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fresco

watercolor paintings done on wet plaster

city-state

a city and its surrounding land and villages

eloquence

a manner of speech that is vivid and persuasive

Iliad

Greek poem that gives us information about the Trojan War

Homer

blind poet; credited with writing the Iliad and the Odyssey

Minoans

early group of people to the Aegean Sea area; mainland was the island of Crete; created frescoes

Mycenaeans

early people to the Aegean Sea; spoke Greek; successful sea traders; involved in the Trojan War

Dorians

early people to the Aegean Sea; subsistence level of living; warriors

Trojan War

war between the Greeks and the Trojans; started over control of the strait connecting the Mediterranean and Black seas

strait

a narrow water passage

polis

Greek term for city-state

acropolis

high city; highest part in a Greek city

citizen

free residents; responsible for city's success

phalanx

battle formation of heavily armed foot soldiers

monarchy

A government in which a hereditary ruler exercises central power.

aristocracy

rule by a hereditary landholding elite

oligarchy

power is in the hands of a small, wealthy elite

democracy

a government by the people

tyrants

people who gained power by force

legislature

lawmaking body; approved or rejected laws

rhetoric

art of skillful speaking; speaking with the ability to persuade others

ostracism

a vote to banish or send away a public figure whom they saw as a threat to their democracy

logic

rational thinking

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