St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (Massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy in French) in 1572 was a targeted group of assassinations, followed by a wave of Roman Catholic mob violence, both directed against the Huguenots
Henry (IV) of Navarre
..., Henry of Navarre- 1st Bourbon King. ended french civil wars- Edict of Nantes- some religious protection of Huguenots ( French Potestants). Assassinated in 1610
Edict of Nantes 
Toleration of Calvinism adn recogninzing the rights of French Protestants
Northern German Princes. who were a defensive alliance that were converted to Lutherism
Thirty Years' War [1618- 1648]
(1618-48) A series of European wars that were partially a Catholic-Protestant religious conflict. It was primarily a battle between France and their rivals the Hapsburg's, rulers of the Holy Roman Empire.
(1608) alliance of German Lutheran princes alarmed at religious and territorial spread of Calvinism and Catholicism. Catholic princes responded with the Catholic League (1609). The two armed camps erupted in the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). (p. 499)
formed by the Guise; dominated the eastern half othe country for several years; 1584, allied with Spain's Philip II to attack hersey in France and deny the Bourbon Henry's legal right to inherit the throne
*where the Thirty Years War began
*state that the austrian hapsburgs captured during the thirty years war
Defenestration of Prague
1618- Started the Thirty Years' War. After the Catholics violated the Letter of Majesty, the Protestants stormed Prague and threw two of the emperor's officials out the window. Caused the war to break out between the Catholics and Protestants.
The seven provinces united in 1579 that formed the basis of the republic of the Netherlands; they appealed to England for aid to fight Spain.
Albrecht von Wallenstein
Aristocratic who wasn't very powerful. Emperor Ferdinand called on him to raise an army and established the last unified authority over Germany for more than two centuries. Successfully defeated the Danish king, and motivated catholic army by letting them take anything from where they conquered. The army was loyal to him instead of Ferdinand .
Edict of Restitution
*An edict that outlawed Calvinism and Lutheranism in many parts of Germany and prompted Sweden to enter the Thirty Years' War. Emperor declared all church territories that had been secularized since 1552 to be automatically restored to Catholic Church.
*United the Protestants.
*King of Sweden who made Sweden into a Baltic power
*Swedish Lutheran who won victories for the German Protestants in the Thirty Years War and lost his life in one of the battles
*Louis XIII's chief minister
*, Became President of the Council of ministers and the first minister of the French crown under Louis XIII.
foreign soldiers who fought for money
Peace of Westphalia 
Treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War (1648) and readjusted the religious and political affairs of Europe.