The largest and most prominent organelle in most eukaryotic cells is the _____.
Chromatin is made of _____.
Chromatin is located inside the _____.
The _____ functionas as a genetic control center and a storehouse for hereditary information.
The nucleolus is located inside the _____.
The _____ makes ribosomes.
The ribosomes make _____.
The _____ provides a cell's shape and support and controls intracellular traffic flow.
The inner scaffolding of the cell is called the _____.
_____ are short projections that can move fluid along and past a cell.
The cytoskeleton is made of _____.
Cilia and flagellum can give a cell the ability to control its _____.
Mitochondria convert the energy of carbohydrates into the chemical energy of _____.
The powerhouses of the cell are the _____.
According to the endosymbiosis theory, mitochondria most likely have evolved from _____.
The matrix is located inside the _____.
Which organelles function as "garbage disposals" in the cell?
Lysosomes are filled with acids and digestive _____ that break down wastes, worn-out organelles, and bacteria.
Name the three organelles that are part of the cell's endomembrane system.
rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus
The _____ includes a group of organelles that produce and modify molecules to be exported to other parts of the organism.
The _____ is an organelle of the endomembrane system that modifies proteins to be shipped elsewhere in the organism.
rough endoplasmic reticulum
The membranes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum are studded with _____ that make proteins.
The _____ is an organelle of the endomembrane system that detoxifies molecules such as alcohols, drugs, and metabolic waste products.
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
The _____ is an organelle of the endomembrane system that synthesizes lipids, such as fatty acids, phospholipids, and steroids.
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
The _____ is an organelle of the endomembrane system that processes molecules synthesized inside the cell and packages those that are destined for use elsewhere in the body.
The cell wall is made from the carbohydrate _____.
Plant cells are surrounded by both a plasma membrane and a _____.
The _____ provides additional protection and support for plant cells.
In plants, a _____ can occupy most of the interior space of the cell.
The _____ functions as storage space and plays a role in nutrition, waste management, predator deterrence, reproduction, and physical support.
In plant and algae cells, photosynthesis takes place inside the _____.
In photosynthesis, _____ energy is converted to chemical energy.
The fluid in the inside compartment of the chloroplast is called the _____.
The light-collecting for photosynthesis occurs inside the _____ of the chloroplasts.
According to the endosymbiosis theory, chloroplasts resemble photosynthetic _____.
Both mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own _____.
The _____ directs most cellular activities by controlling which molecules are produced and in what quantity they are produced.
The _____ serves as a series of tracks on which organelles and molecules are guided across and around the inside of the cell.
In addition to chemical energy, the mitochondria also produce water and _____.
Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder that affects _____.