Chapter 4: Police in Society: History & Organization

31 terms by rachelarmbruster

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tithing

in medieval England, a group of 10 families who collectively dealt with minor disturbances and breaches of the peace

hue & cry

A call for assistance in medieval England. The policy of self-help that prevailed in villages demanded that everyone respond if a citizen raised a hue and cry to get their aid.

hundred

in medieval England, a group of 100 families responsible for maintaining order and trying minor offenses.

constable

in medieval England, an appointed official who administered and supervised the legal affairs of a small community.

shire reeve

in medieval England, the senior law enforcement figure in a county; the forerunner of today's sheriff.

sheriff

the chief law enforcement officer in a county.

watch system

during the Middle Ages in England, men were organized in church parishes to guard at night against disturbances and breaches of the peace under the direction of the local constable.

justice of the peace

Established in 1326 England, the office was created to help the shire reeve in controlling the county; it later took on judicial functions.

vigilantes

groups of citizens who tracked down wanted criminals in the Old West.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

The arm of the US Justice Department that investigates violations of federal law, seeks to protect America from terrorist attacks, gathers crime statistics, runs a comprehensive crime laboratory, and helps train local law enforcement officers.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

the federal agency that enforces federal drug control laws.

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)

Federal agency with jurisdiction over the illegal sale, importation, and criminal misuse of firearms and explosives and the distribution of untaxed liquor and cigarettes.

US Marshals Service

federal agency whose jurisdiction includes protecting federal officials, transporting criminal defendants, and tracking down fugitives.

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

federal agency responsible for preventing terrorist attacks within the United States, reducing America's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimizing the damage and assisting in recovery from attacks that do occur.

Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

federal agency responsible for the control and protection of America's borders and ports of entry. Its first priority is keeping terrorists and their weapons out of the United States.

Secret Service

federal agency responsible for executive protection and for investigation of counterfeiting and various forms of financial fraud.

DNA Profiling

the identification of criminal suspects by matching DNA samples taken from their person with specimens found at the crime scene.

augmented reality (AR) technology

wearable components that supply computer-generated virtual information

ABIS (Automated Biometric Identification System)

facial recognition system designed to sift through millions of images to find duplicates before issuing an ID or clearing a passport.

Which of the following officers was part of the watch system of policing that thrived in 13th century England?

Watchmen, Shire reeve, & Justice of the peace

What was the name of the form of organized private police that patrolled 18th century England?

Thief takers

English police officers are known as bobbies because...

Sir Robert (Bobbie) Peel was responsible for their creation.

Which American city created the first formal US police department?

Boston

The first technological breakthrough in policing came in the following area:

communication

What was one of August Vollmer's greatest contributions to police professionalism?

Instituted university training for young officers

What were the hallmarks of policing during the 1960s?

Turmoil and crisis

What federal program supported innovative research on police work and advanced training for police officers during the 1970s?

Law Enforcement Assistance Administration

Which federal agency has reformulated its priorities, making protection from terrorism the number one goal?

FBI

Which federal law enforcement agency has unlimited jurisdiction?

No federal agency has unlimited jurisdiction

What federal agency is responsible for the transportation of federal prisoners?

US Marshals

Which state had the earliest example of state police?

Texas

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