5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Frederic C. Bartlett
- Categorical perception
- gestalt (pronounced "geh-shtahlt")
- computer metaphor
- a conducted memory research using long stores and other meaningful material.
- b A phenomenon in which people report hearing a clear-cut phoneme (e.g.., a clear cut b or a clear-cut p) even thought they actually heard a sound halfway between two speech sounds (e.g., halfway between b and p).
- c The term for recognition
that is based on an overall quality that transcends
the individual elements.
- d In reading, the eye movements in which
the eye returns to earlier material in the sentence.
- e The perspective that cognitive processes work like a computer—in other words, like
a complex, multipurpose machine that processes
information quickly and accurately
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- In gestalt psychology, when two areas share a common boundary, the figure has a distinct shape
with clearly defined edges. In contrast, the ground
forms the background.
- A type of cognitive processing in which only one item is handled at a given time, and
one step must be completed before proceeding to the
- A neuroscience technique in which researchers study the characteristics of
an animal's brain and nervous system by inserting an
electrode next to a single neuron.
- The kind of cognitive processing" that emphasizes the influence of concepts, expectations,
- The basic unit of meaning in language.
5 True/False Questions
memory. → In vision, a shortened version of the phrase "geometrical
ions." In the recognition-by-components
theory, the basic assumption is that a given view of
an object can be represented as an arrangement of
simple 3-D shapes or geons.
semantic memory → A person's factual, organized knowledge about the world, including knowledge about
What part of the brain is active during the stoop task and other tasks focusing on work meaning → A neuroscience procedure in which a research participant
reclines with his or her head surrounded by a
large magnet. This magnetic field that is created produces
changes in oxygen atoms. A scanning device
records these oxygen atoms while the participant performs
a cognitive task.
cognition → Knowledge and thoughts about one's own cognitive processes, as well as control of those
iconic memory → The brief, immediate memory for material that is currently being processed; a portion
of this memory also coordinates ongoing mental
activities. Previously called