5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Structural theory
- Behaviorist approach
- Overactive top-down processing can also encourage us to make two kinds of errors
- a Repetitive behaviors that are designed to
reduce the anxiety produced by obsessive thoughts or
- b (a) change blindness (b) inattentional blindness.
- c Knowledge and thoughts about one's own cognitive processes, as well as control of those
- d in perception, the proposal that a given view of a object can be represented as an arrangements of simple 3-D shapes called geons. Also know as the recognition-by-components theory.
- e A theoretical perspective that focuses only on objective, observable reactions. Behaviorism emphasized the environment stimuli that determine behavior.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A phenomenon in which people report hearing a clear-cut phoneme (e.g.., a clear cut b or a clear-cut p) even thought they actually heard a sound halfway between two speech sounds (e.g., halfway between b and p).
- The perspective that cognitive processes work like a computer—in other words, like
a complex, multipurpose machine that processes
information quickly and accurately
- The knowledge that an object exists, even when it is temporarily out of sight.
- A condition in which people cannot recognize human
faces visually, though they perceive other objects relatively
- In vision, the center of the retina, which has better
acuity than other retinal regions.
5 True/False Questions
speech-is-special approach → In psycholinguistics, an approach stating that humans are born with a specialized
cognitive device for decoding speech stimuli.
As a result, people process speech sounds more
quickly and accurately than other auditory stimuli. Also know as special mechanism approach
information-processing approach → An approach in cognitive psychology which argues that (1) mental
processes can be compared with the operations of a
computer, and (2) information progresses through the
system in a series of stages, one step at a time.
schema (pronounced "skee-mah") → Generalized knowledge or expectation, which is distilled from past experiences
with an event, an object, or a person.
Frequently guide memory recall.
Stroop effect → The observation that people take much longer to name the color of a stimulus when it is used
in printing an incongruent word than when it appears
as a solid patch of color.
ecological validity → The kind of brief memory that allows an image of a visual stimulus to persist for about 200
to 400 milliseconds after the stimulus has disappeared.
Also known as visual sensory memory.