Final Medical Terminology

70 terms by rjones12

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS. A disease that affects the body's immune system. Transmitted by exchange of body fluid during sex, reuse of old needles, receiving contaminated blood transfusions

Anarchism

State of absence of tests. Unilateral or bilateral

Artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland. Nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland

Chlamydia

STD sometimes to referred to as a silent STD because many people don't know they have the disease. Symptoms: painful urination, discharge from penis in men, genital itching, vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods

Circumcision

surgical removal of the prepice, also known as the foreskin

Ciotus

sexual intercourse between male and female

Cryptorchidism

The state of hidden testes.

Digital Rectal Exam

A physical exam in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. used to screen for BPH and cancer of the prostate

Epididymitis

Inflammation of the epididymis

Erectile dysfunction

the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection, sufficient to preform sexual intercourse

Gonads

male and female sex glands

Gonorrhea

contagiuos inflammatory STD caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary system

Human immunodeficiency virus

a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV infects T helper cells of the immune system allowing for opportunistic infections such as blah blah.

Human papilloma virus

a prevalent STD causing benign or cancerous growths in male or female genitals

Hydrocele

scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid

Orchidectomy

Excision of the testes. bilaterally its called castration

Orchitis

Inflammation of the testes or testicle

Phimosis

tightness of the precipe that prevents its retraction over the glans penis. it may be congenital or a result of banalities and circumcision is the usual treatment

Priapism

persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness

Prostate Gland

encircles the upper end of the urthera. Secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation

Prostate-specific antigen

a blood test that measures the level of prostate specific antigen in the blood. Elevated test results may indicated the presence of prostate cancer or excess prostate tissue as found in benign prostatic hyperplasia

Prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland

Prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate

Prostatocystitis

inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder

Prosthesis

a substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated

Puberty

period when secondary sex characteristics develop in the ability to reproduce sexually begins

Sexually transmitted disease

diseases such as syphillis, herpes transmitted during sexual contact

Syphilis

chronic infection caused by the bacterium TP usually transmitted by sexual contact maybe acquired in utuero or less often contracted through direct contact with infected tissue. If untreated the infection usually progresses through 3 stages with a latent period.

Testicular torsion

Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testes. Note most often occurs during puberty, onset of severe pain, because of lack of blood flow it is a surgical emergency

Transurethral resection of the prostate gland

Surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra. The capsule is left intact usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination

Van deferens

duct carrying sperm from the epipdymis to the urethra. the spermatic cord encloses each vas deferens with nerves, lymphatics, arteries, and veins. The urethra also connects with the urinary bladder and carries urine outside the body. A circular muscle constricts during intercourse to prevent urination.

Varicocele

Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

Vasectomy

Excision of a duct, partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization

Vasovasostomy

creation of artificial openings between ducts. The severed ends of the vas deferens are reconnected in an attempt to restore fertility in men who have had a vasectomy

Amenorrhea

Absence of menstrual discharge

Bartholin glands

pair of mucous producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening

Cervicitis

Inflammation of the cervix

Cervix

Narrow lower portion of the uterus

Colporrhaophy

suture of the vagina (wall of the vagina)

Culdocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac (recto uterine pouch)

Dilation and curettage

dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with an instrument called the currette. it is performed to diagnose disease to correct bleeding and to empty uterine contents such as tissue remaining after a miscarriage

Dysmenorrhea

painful menstrual discharge

Dyspareunia

difficult or painful intercourse

Endometriosis

abnormal condition in which endrometrial tissue grows outside the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity including ovaries, uterine tubes, intestines, and uterus

Fribrocystic breast disease

a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast

Fibroid tumor

benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle

Fistula

abnormal passageway between two organs or between an internal organ and the body surface

Fundus

Rounded upper portion of the uterus

Gynecology

study of women (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the female reproductive system)

Hysterectomy

excision of the uterus

Leukorrhea

white discharge from the vagina

Mastalgia

pain in the breast

Mastectomy

surgical removal of a breast

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast

Mastoptosis

sagging breast

Menarche

beginning of menstruation

Menopause

cessation of menstruation

Pap smear

a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells most commonly used to detect cancers of the cervix

Pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens, untreated the infection may spread upward from the vagina, involving uterus, uterine tubes, other pelvic organs, infection can result in infertility

Perineum

pelvic floor in both male and female. in females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus

Premenstrual syndrome

a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days between period

Prolapsed uterus

downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina

Salpingectomy

excision of the uterine tube

Salpingo-oophorectomy

excision of the uterine tube and ovary

Speculum

instrument for opening body cavity to allow inspection

Tubal ligation

closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying

Vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina

Vesicovaginal fistula

abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina

Vulva

two pairs of lips (labia major and minora) that surround the vagina

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