A linguist's model of the mental grammar, including the units, structures, and rules. An explicit statement of what speakers know about their language.
Rules of grammar brought about by grammarians' attempts to legislate what speakers' grammatical rules should be, rather than what they are.
The mental representation of a speakers' linguistic competence; what a speaker knows about a language.
The innate principles and properties that pertain to the grammars of all human languages
The study of the structure of words; the component of the grammar that includes the rules of word formation.
The component of the grammar containing speakers' knowledge about morphemes and words; a speaker's mental dictionary.
The rules of sentence formation; the component of the mental grammar that represents speakers' knowledge of the structure of phrases and sentences.
Describes the property of language, including sign language, whereby there is no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way the word is pronounced (or signed) and its meaning
Speakers' ability to combine the finite number of linguistic units of their language to produce and understand an infinite range of of novel sentences
The proposition that the structure of a language influences how its speakers perceive the world around them.
a morpheme added to a stem or root to form a new stem or word, possibly, but not necessarily, resulting in a change in syntactic category
a bound grammatical morpheme that is affixed to a word according to the rules of syntax ex: "s"
The nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs that constitute the major part of the vocabulary
A word that does not always have a clear lexical meaning but has a grammatical function; conjunctions, prepositions, articles, auxiliaries, complementizers, and pronouns
A category, generally a functional category, that rarely has new words added to it; ex prepositions, conjunctions
Words composed of two or more words, which may be written as a single word or as words separated by spaces or hyphens