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Mark

shortest Gospel; First written Gospel

Mark

Constructed a narrative of Jesus' life that helps his community to make sense of their suffering and persecution

Mark

This Gospel carries an aura of secrecy around the identity of Jesus

Mark

Never portrays Jesus as the Messiah; portrays Jesus as the Suffering Human

Mark

Stresses human suffering of Jesus

Mark

Emphasis on humanity of Jesus

Mark

"Messianic Secret"

Luke

"the Beloved Physician"; companion of Saint Paul

Luke

makes it clear that God is the compassionate savior who welcomes all

Luke

demonstrates that both the Gentiles and Jews are part of God's saving plan

Luke

Longest Gospel; first part of a two volume history of Christianity (second part- Acts of the Apostles-also written by Luke)

Luke

only non-Jewish writer of the New Testament

Matthew

first Gospel in the New Testament

Matthew

organization pattern follows the Torah (5 great teachings of Jesus)

Matthew

Organization of gospel made it the most popular

Matthew

Used to educate new Christians

Matthew

Continuity between Judaism and Christianity

John

More deeply theological

John

Focuses on the divinity of Jesus

John

Used in prayer and meditation

John

Use of imagery in writing

Mark

Written by John Mark

Luke

Written by Luke a Gentile physician

John

Written by "students of the beloved disciple" (john?)

Mark

The audience was a community of non-Jewish Christians experiencing persecution; gentile readers

Luke

The audience was gentiles "well-to-do Christians"

Matthew

The audience was a mixed community of Jewish Christians and Gentiles

John

The audience was a community founded by the "beloved disciple"

Mark

Portrays Jesus as the human Jesus

Luke

Portrays Jesus as the compassionate Savior

Matthew

Portrays Jesus as the Messiah of the jews

John

Portrays Jesus as the divine son of God

Mark

Sources used : apostle Peter ?apostle Paul ? and oral tradition

Luke

Sources used : 65% of Marks Gospel , "Q" source and original material

Matthew

Sources used : Marks Gospel, Quelle, and original material

John

Sources used : apostle John

Mark

Begins with preaching of John the Baptist

Luke

begins with prologue infancy narratives

Matthew

Begins with genealogy of Jesus and infancy narrative

John

Begins with prologue

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