-117.6 cm H2O (mean)
Maximum non-speech INSPIRATORY pressure (oral) for males
-79.5 cm H2O (mean)
Maximum non-speech INSPIRATORY pressure (oral) for females
99-242 cm H2O
Maximum non-speech EXPIRATORY pressure (oral) for males
74-143 cm H2O
Maximum non-speech EXPIRATORY pressure (oral) for females
Inspiratory pressures may be indicated by ____ values?
Males are generally _____ than females in non-speech (respiratory) pressure norms.
Young (<9 yrs) and old (>68 yrs) have _____ pressures than young adults and middle-aged adults.
less than 10 cm H2O
Typical normal-intensity speech intraoral pressure
Do men, women or children have the highest intraoral speech pressure trends across the population?
Subglottal Driving Pressure (Ps)
The difference between subglottic (tracheal) and supraglottic (pharyngeal) pressures needed to produce vocal fold vibration.
Subglottic pressure increases with _____ .
What can be P(s) be assumed to be?