Which people began their invasion and conquest of southwestern Britain around 450?
Words from which language began to enter English vocabulary around the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066?
Which hero made his earliest appearance in Celtic literature before becoming a staple subject in French, English, and German literatures?
Toward the close of which century did English replace French as the language of conducting business in Parliament and in court of law?
Which king began a war to enforce his claims to the throne of France in 1336?
Who would be called the English Homer and father of English poetry?
parchment made of animal skin
What was vellum?
the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 1530s.
Only a small proportion of medieval books survive, large numbers having been destroyed in:
a code of laws promulgated by King Ethelbert
What is the first extended written specimen of Old English?
Who was the first English Christian king?
In Anglo-Saxon heroic poetry, what is the fate of those who fail to observe the sacred duty of blood vengeance?
admiration and elegiac sympathy.
Christian writers like the Beowulf poet looked back on their pagan ancestors with:
The use of "whale-road"for sea and "life-house"for body are examples of what literary technique, popular in Old English poetry?
Romantic love is a guiding principle of moral conduct.
Which of the following statements is not an accurate description of Old English poetry?
Which of the following best describes litote, a favorite rhetorical device in Old English poetry?
his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine
How did Henry II, the first of England's Plantagenet kings, acquire vast provinces in southern France?
Which of the following languages did not coexist in Anglo-Norman England?
Marie de France and Chrétien de Troyes
Which twelfth-century poet or poets were indebted to Breton storytellers for their narratives?
a work written in the French vernacular
To what did the word the roman, from which the genre of "romance"emerged, initially apply?
the lower orders of the nobility
Popular English adaptations of romances appealed primarily to
the reign of King Arthur
What is the climax of Geoffrey of Monmouth's The History of the Kings of Britain?
women who have chosen to live as religious recluses
Ancrene Riwle is a manual of instruction for
They were written for sophisticated and well-educated readers, and Their readers' primary language was English.
The styles of The Owl and the Nightingale and Ancrene Riwle show what about the poetry and prose written around the year 1200?
the Gawain poet
In addition to Geoffrey Chaucer and William Langland, the "flowering"of Middle English literature is evident in the works of which of the following writers?
The church was among the greatest of oppressive landowners.
Why did the rebels of 1381 target the church, beheading the archbishop of Canterbury?
Intending his Utopia for an international intellectual community, Thomas More wrote in Latin, since English had no prestige outside of England.
Which of the following statements accurately reflects the status of England, its people, and its language in the early sixteenth century?
Thomas More's Utopia
Which of the following sixteenth-century works of English literature was translated into the English language after its first publication in Latin?
Which royal dynasty was established in the resolution of the so-called War of the Roses and continued through the reign of Elizabeth I?
the countering of feudal power structures by a stronger central authority
Which of the following shifts began in the reign of Henry VII and continued under his Tudor successors?
Ariosto's "Orlando Furioso"
From which of the following Italian texts might Tudor courtiers have learned the art of intrigue and the keys to gaining and keeping power?
Who authored Il Cortigiano (The Courtier), a book that was highly influential in the English court, providing subtle guidance on self-display?
doubled from 60,000 to 120,000.
Between 1520 and 1550, the population of London:
Who introduced the art of printing into England?
the perception among court poets that printed verses were less exclusive
To what does the phrase "the stigma of print" refer?
Which of the following sixteenth-century poets was not a courtier?
Its curriculum emphasized ancient Greek, the language of diplomacy, professions, and higher learning.
Which of the following statements is not an accurate reflection of education during the English Renaissance?
human reverence for the classics and pride for the vernacular language
What impulse probably accounts for the rise of distinguished translations of works, such as Homer's lliad and Odyssey, into English during the sixteenth century?
What was the only acknowledged religion in England during the early sixteenth century?
Who began to ignite the embers of dissent against the Catholic church in November 1517 in a movement that came to be known as the Reformation?
Which historical figure initiated a series of religious persecutions condemning Protestants as heretics and burning them at the stake in the 1550s?
Which of the following refers to the small area of Ireland, extending north from Dublin, over which the English government could claim effective control?
Which designates the theory that the reigning monarch possesses absolute authority as God's deputy?
Expressed in Elizabethan poetry as well as court rituals and events, a cult of _______ formed around Elizabeth and dictated the nature of relations between herself and her court.
Which of the following describes the chief system by which writers received financial rewards for their literary production?
a moral power whereby poetry encourages the reader to emulate virtuous models
In the Defense of Poesy, what did Sidney attribute to poetry?
shepherd and shepherdesses who fall in love and engage in singing contests and a celebration of the humility, contentment, and simplicity of living in the country
Which of the following might be addressed/represented by pastoral poetry?
The churchyard of St. Paul's Cathedral was well-known for its:
the acting company
Who owned the rights to a theatrical script?
Short plays called _______-staged dialogues on religious, moral, and political themes-were performed by playing companies before the construction of public theaters.
To what subgenre did the Senecan influence give rise, as evidenced in the first English tragedy Gorboduc, or Ferrex and Porrex?