← Rock History Midterm (People/Groups) Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Bing Crosby An American singer and actor. Sang White Christmas in a baritone voice. Frank Sinatra An American singer and actor. Beginning his musical career in the swing era with Harry James and Tommy Dorsey, Sinatra became a successful solo artist in the early to mid-1940s, being the idol of the "bobby soxers." Les Paul An American jazz and country guitarist, songwriter and inventor. He was a pioneer in the development of the solid-body electric guitar which "made the sound of rock and roll possible". He is credited with many recording innovations. Although he was certainly not the first to use the technique, his early experiments with overdubbing (also known as sound on sound), delay effects such as tape delay, phasing effects, and multitrack recording were among the first to attract widespread attention The Carter Family A country music group that recorded between 1927 and 1956. Their music had a profound impact on bluegrass, country, southern gospel, pop and rock musicians as well as on the U.S. folk revival of the 1960s. They were the first vocal group to become country music stars. Jimmie Rodgers A country singer in the early 20th century known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling. Among the first country music superstars and pioneers, Rodgers was also known as "The Singing Brakeman", "The Blue Yodeler", and "The Father of Country Music". Hank Williams An American country singer-songwriter and musician regarded as among the greatest country music stars of all time. He charted eleven number one songs between 1948 and 1953, though unable to read or write music to any significant degree. Robert Johnson An American blues singer and musician. His landmark recordings from 1936-1937 display a remarkable combination of singing, guitar skills, and songwriting talent that have influenced generations of musicians. Johnson's shadowy, poorly documented life and death at age 27 have given rise to much legend. Eric Clapton has called him "the most important blues singer that ever lived." Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfield, An American blues musician, generally considered "the Father of blues". Hoochie Coochie Man, Howlin' Wolf Chester Arthur Burnett, An influential American blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player. With a booming voice and looming physical presence, Burnett is commonly ranked among the leading performers in electric blues; musician and critic Cub Koda declared. Bill Haley and the Comets An American rock and roll band. The earliest group of white musicians to bring rock and roll to the attention of white America and the rest of the world. Crossover "shake, rattle and roll" Alan Freed An American disc-jockey. He became internationally known for promoting African-American rhythm and blues music on the radio in the United States and Europe under the name of rock and roll. His career was destroyed by the payola scandal that hit the broadcasting industry in the early 1960s. Dewey Phillips Was one of rock 'n' roll's pioneering disk jockeys. A persona was a speed-crazed hillbilly, with a frantic delivery and entertaining sense of humor Fats Domino An American R&B and rock and roll pianist and singer-songwriter. "Blueberry Hill" Chuck Berry Charles Edward Anderson. An American guitarist, singer, and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. Refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics focusing on teen life and consumerism and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music Little Richard n American singer, songwriter, PIANIST, bandleader and recording artist, considered key in the transition from rhythm and blues to rock and roll in the 1950s. Pat Boone an American singer, actor and writer who was a successful pop singer in the United States during the 1950s Bo Diddley Ellas Otha Bates, an American rock and roll vocalist, guitarist, songwriter, and inventor. He was known as "The Originator" because of his key role in the transition from the blues to rock & roll, influencing a host of legendary acts including Buddy Holly, Jimi Hendrix, The Rolling Stones, The Velvet Underground, The Yardbirds, and Eric Clapton. He introduced more insistent, driving rhythms and a hard-edged guitar sound on a wide-ranging catalog of songs Elvis Presley Was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon. GOOD ROCKIN' TONIGHT. Johnny Cash primarily remembered as a country music artist, his songs and sound spanned many other genres including rockabilly and rock and roll—especially early in his career—as well as blues, folk, and gospel. Sam Phillips An American record producer who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll as the major form of popular music in the 1950s. He was a producer, label owner, and talent scout throughout the '40s and '50s. He is most notably attributed with the discoveries of Howlin' Wolf, Elvis Presley and Johnny Cash, and is associated with several other noteworthy rhythm and blues and rock and roll stars of the period. Buddy Holly was an American singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll. Although his success lasted only a year and a half before his death in an airplane crash The Weavers (and Pete Seeger) an American folk music quartet based in the Greenwich Village area of New York City. They sang traditional folk songs from around the world, as well as blues, gospel music, children's songs, labor songs, and American ballads, and selling millions of records at the height of their popularity. Their hard-driving string-band style inspired the commercial "folk boom" that followed them in the 1950s and 1960s, including such performing groups as The Kingston Trio and Peter, Paul and Mary. The Kingston Trio an American folk and pop music group that helped launch the folk revival of the late 1950s to late 1960s. One of the most prominent folk music groups of the era's relatively short-lived pop-folk boom that their success helped to create. Peter Paul and Mary an American folk-singing trio who ultimately became one of the biggest acts of the 1960s Bob Dylan an American singer-songwriter and musician who has been a major figure in music for six decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when he was at first an informal chronicler, and later an apparently reluctant figurehead of social unrest. A number of his songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" became anthems for the civil rights and anti-war movements. His early lyrics incorporated a variety of political, social and philosophical, as well as literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed hugely to the then burgeoning counterculture Leiber and Stoller are among the most influential American songwriters and record producers in post-World War II popular music. The Coasters an American Rhythm and Blues/rock and roll vocal group that had a string of hits in the late 1950s. a doo-wop group. Phil Spector an American record producer and songwriter. The originator of the "Wall of Sound" production technique, Spector was a pioneer of the 1960s girl group sound and produced over 25 Top 40 hits between 1960 and 1965 alone. After this initial success, Spector later worked with artists including Ike and Tina Turner, John Lennon, George Harrison, and the Ramones with similar acclaim. The Crystals an American vocal group based in New York, considered one of the defining acts of the girl group era of the first half of the 1960s. Their 1961-1964 chart hits, including "Uptown", "He's A Rebel", "Da Doo Ron Ron (When He Walked Me Home)" and "Then He Kissed Me", featured three successive female lead singers, and were all produced by Phil Spector. The Ronettes 1960s girl group from New York City, best known for their work with producer Phil Spector Roy Orbison an American singer-songwriter and musician, well known for his distinctive, powerful voice, complex compositions, and dark emotional ballads. Orbison grew up in Texas and began singing in a rockabilly / country & western band in high school until he was signed by Sun Records in Memphis. The Beach Boys American rock band, formed in 1961, who gained popularity for their close vocal harmonies and lyrics reflecting a Southern California youth culture of cars, surfing, and romance. Dick Dale a surf-rock guitarist, known as "The King of the Surf Guitar". He experimented with reverberation and made use of custom made Fender amplifiers, including the first-ever 100-watt guitar amplifier. George Martin an English record producer, arranger, composer and musician. He is sometimes referred to as "the Fifth Beatle"—a title that he owes to his work as producer of all but one ("Let It Be") of The Beatles' original records, as well as playing piano on some of The Beatles tracks—and is considered one of the greatest record producers of all time.