term used to describe arts generally during period 1600-1750. Indicates excessive ornamentation in visual arts and rough, bold instrumental sound in music.
Doctrine of Affection
different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions, or affections, of the listener. A musical setting should reinforce the intended "affection" of the text.
new kind of solo singing where a single singer stepped forward, accompanied by very few supporting instruments, to project a highly charged text.
bass-driven, chordal support played by one or more instruments.
numerical shorthand placed below bass line.
practice of shifting volume of sound suddenly from one level to another.