5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Was Columbus a hero or villain?
- Benedict Arnold
- Kitchen Cabinet
- What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?
- a Four laws passed by the U.S. Congress in 1798, in anticipation of war with France. The acts, precipitated by the XYZ Affair, restricted aliens and curtailed press criticism of the government. Aimed at French and Irish immigrants (who were mostly pro-France), they increased the waiting period for naturalization and authorized expulsion of aliens considered dangerous. The Alien and Sedition Acts were opposed by Thomas Jefferson and others and helped propel Jefferson to the presidency. They were repealed or had expired by 1802.
- b Opinion and therefore not really relevant.
- c One who took part in the 1849 California gold rush.
- d A group of unofficial advisers to the head of a government.
- e (1741-1801). Remembered mainly as a mercenary traitor during the American independence war, Arnold was also one of the ablest commanders on either side. He led from the front and was twice seriously wounded doing so. He preferred deeds to words and, in the end, cash in hand from the British over promises from people he had reason to believe would renege.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Limited government is a government structure where its functions and powers are prescribed, limited, and restricted by law, usually in a written constitution.
- The South had rich, fertile soil, and was perfect for plantations. And to farm these plantations, the South had slaves.
- (April 19, 1775) Initial skirmishes between British soldiers and American colonists that marked the beginning of the American Revolution. En route from Boston to seize the colonists' military stores at Concord, Mass., the British force of 700 was met at Lexington by 77 local minutemen (see minuteman) alerted by Paul Revere and others. Which side fired the first shot is unclear, and resistance soon ended. The British moved on to nearby Concord, where they were met by more than 300 American patriots and were forced to withdraw. On their march back to Boston, they were continually harried by colonists firing from behind barns, trees, and roadside walls. Deaths totaled 273 British and 95 Americans.
- Political doctrine that allowed the settlers of U.S. federal territories to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. It was applied by Sen. Stephen A. Douglas as a means to reach a compromise through passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Critics of the doctrine called it "squatter sovereignty." The resulting violence between pro- and antislavery factions (see Bleeding Kansas) showed its failure as a workable compromise.
- (1732-1799), Revolutionary War commander in chief and first president of the United States
5 True/False Questions
What is geography? → A tax on imported or exported goods, imposed by the government.
How did the first Americans arrive? → Via the Bering land bridge.
The Nullification Crisis → (1774) Four punitive measures enacted by the British Parliament against the American colonies. Boston's harbour was closed until restitution was made for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party; the Massachusetts colony's charter was annulled and a military governor installed; British officials charged with capital offenses could go to England for trial; and arrangement for housing British troops in American houses was revived. The Quebec Act added to these oppressive measures. The acts, called "intolerable" by the colonists, led to a convening of the Continental Congress.
Gadsden Purchase → Harriet Tubman helped hundreds of American slaves escape along the secret route to freedom known as the Underground Railroad. Born a slave herself, she fled from Maryland to freedom in Philadelphia in 1849. For the next 10 years she made repeated secret trips back to Maryland, leading over 300 escaped slaves north to freedom in Canada. During the Civil War she also served the Union as a scout, spy and nurse. Her success at shepherding others to safety earned her the nickname "the Moses of her People" and made her a lasting symbol of the American anti-slavery movement.
Why was Jackson considered a president of the common man? → Because of Jacksonian Democracy, the Spoils System, and the fact that he was elected because of the common people given suffrage.