A science that draws on the methods and knowledge of geology, chemistry, physics, and biology to study all aspects of the ocean
The measurement of ocean depths and the charting of the shape or topography of the ocean floor.
A device that determines the distance of an object under water by recording echoes of sound waves.stands for sound navigation and range
A gently sloping, shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of a continent
Found in regions where trenches are absent. Where the continental slope merges into a more gradual incline. Has turbidity currents that follow submarine canyons deposit sediment that forms deep-sea fans.
Are deep and incredibly flat features in fact these regions are likely the most level places on Earth.
An underwater volcanic peak rising from the ocean floor and having a peaked or flat-topped summit below the surface of the sea.
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away from each other at the mid-ocean ridges
land; mineral grades eroded from continental rock and transported to the ocean
seafloor sediment of biological origin, such as sea shells and skeletons of marine life