← Chapter 4 glossary Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Secession DEF: The formal withdrawl of a state from the union. SIG: The South was threatening to seceed from the Union because the slavery issue hadn't been resolved yet. Popular Sovereignty DEF: A system in which the residents vote to decide an issue SIG: The U.S. used this to decide on the slaves, for the residents of New Mexico and Utah territories. Underground Railroad DEF: A system of routes along which runaway slaves were helped to escape to canada, or safe areas in free states. SIG: "Conductors" on the routes hid fugitives in secret tunnels and false cupboards, gave them food and clothing, and escorted them to the "next station". Some people stayed North, others went to Canada to be completely out of reach of their owners Harriet Tubman One of the most famous conductors on the Underground Railroad, born a slave. SIG: After the death of her owner, she heard she was going to be sold, and at the oppertunity, escaped to Philedelphia. Dred Scott DEF: A slave who's owner took him from the slave state of missouri to free territory and back. SIG: His case for ten years with the Supreme Court was that for he was living in a free state, making him a free man, and the supreme court over ruled him, because slaves are property. Lincoln-Douglass Debates DEF: These were the debated Lincoln challenged Gouglass over, and the debate topic was slavery. SIG: Douglass won the senate seat but widened the split in the democratic party, and republicans viewed him as an excelent candidate for the president in 1860. Confederacy DEF: The confederate states of America, a confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern States after their seccession from the Union. SIG: They made a constitution that said it protected and recognized slavery. The president was Jefferson Davis. Fort Sumpter DEF: The most important fort the Union had out of the four Southern Forts. SIG: Lincoln debated to neither abondon not reinforce it, he just sent in "food for hungry men". Bull Run The first bloodshed between the Union and the Confederacy happened here. SIG: The Union lost embarassingly,and recieved no other follow up attack to Washington for their victory. (Confederates) Stonewall Jackson DEF: The Confederates General, and led to the confederated to victory at the battle of Bull Run. SIG: Another General shouted "There stands Jackson Like a Stone Wall!" giving him the nickname, Stonewall Jackson. Ulysees S. Grant DEF: The Unions head Genera, a brave and decisive military commander. SIG: In just eleven days, Grant's forces captured two Confederate forts. Robert E. Lee DEF: Commander of the Confederate army. SIG: he was determined to save the confederate capital, and was a very good leader, but fell short when the Union started getting more and more advanced. Antietam DEF: A creek where Mclellan and his men persuid Robert E. Lee, and they fought on September 17th. SIG: The single bloodiest bloodshied in one day in American History, casualties totaling more than 26,000, and Mclellan didn't persue confed. army to end the war, and got replaced. Emancipation Proclamation DEF: An executive order issued by Lincoln on Jan. 1, 1963, freeing the slaves in all reigions behind confederate lines. SIG: The proclamation didn't free any slaves immediately because it applied only to areas behind confederate lines, outside Union control. Conscription DEF: The drafting of citizens for Military service. SIG: In the North, it led to draft riots, one of the most violent had taken place in New York City. Clara Barton DEF: A dedicated Union nurse, who cared for the sick and wounded, often at the front lines. SIG: She dounded the American Red Cross, and provided the Army with medical knowledge that helped them greatly. Gettysburg DEF: Where the most decisive battle was fought in the war, on July 1st. SIG: The three day battle produced 23,000 Union men and 28,000 confederate men, dead or wounded. Vicksburg DEF: One of the two remaining Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River. SIG: The Confederate supplies went low, and were forced to let it go, July 4th. William Sherman DEF: Comander of the Military division of the Mississippi River. SIG" Lef a march of Southeast through Georgia to sea, leaving a path of destruction, burning almost every house, destroyed live stock and railroads. (UNION COMANDER) Appomatiox Court House DEF: A town near Appomatox, Virginia, where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9th 1865. SIG: Lee's soldiers were sent home with 3 days rations, their posessions, and their side arms. This is the end of the Civil War. John Wilkes Booth DEF: Killed Lincoln at the theatre, a 28 year old actor and Southern Sympathizer. SIG:Union Calvary trapped him in a Virginia Tobacco Shed and shot him dead. Reconstruction DEF: The period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War, during which the defeated confederate states were re-admitted to the Union. SIG: The plans of reconstruction varied from President to Congress. Radical Republicans DEF: The people who Lincoln's reconstruction plan angered. SIG: They wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders. 13th Amendment DEF: An amendment to the U.S. constitution, abolished slavery and involentary servitude. SIG: Completely abolished slavery in the U.S. and was brought about by the end of the Civil War. 14th Amendment DEF: Makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States- including former slaves -citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection under the laws. SIG: Intendedto overrule and nullify the Dred Scott Decision. 15th Amendment DEF: Prohibits the denial of voting rights to people because of their race, color, or because they were previously slaves. SIG: Important victory for the Raticals. Andrew Johnson DEF: The successor and vice president of Lincoln, who took presidency after Lincolns assassination. SIG: Made a plan of reconstruction. Scalawags DEF: A white Southener who joined the Republican party after the Civil War. SIG: Many small farmers who wanted to improve their economic position. Carpetbaggers Def: Republicans who came to the South from the North in an attempt to make a profit. SIG: They all had different goals and wants. Hiram Revels DEF: The first African Senator. SIG: Showed independence and freedom to all African Americans. Sharecropping DEF: Slaves given oppertunity to stay on the plantation, and owners are going to be kind and does want a % of the harvest. SIG: Helped to produce more crops and bring in more money. Ku Klux Klan DEF: Used score tactics and intimidated African-Americans and those who are willing to help them. SIG: Led to congress passing a series of enforcement acts.