Set #9 Pre-Revolutionary War

Created by KMS8SocialStudies 

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Use this set to have a better understanding of all the events that led up to the American Revolutionary War in Mr. O'Neal's class as well as Mrs. Jerger, Mrs. Sparks and Mrs. Albert

Patriots

American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.

Loyalists

Also known as Tories, the term refers to those Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain during the Revolution.

Allies

A country or group of people who agree to help another country achieve a common goal.

Militia

A force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community during the American Revolution. "Page 154, C.A.B." Also known as an emergency military force that is not part of the regular army.

Tyranny

oppressive government that employs cruel and unjust use of power and authority over it's citizens.

Boycott

A strategy of refusing to purchase goods or refusing to cooperate with an organization or government in order to protest practices that are regarded as unfair.

STAMP ACT

A 1765 law passed by Parliament that required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing a tax had been paid

The TOWNSHEND ACTS

A series of laws passed by Parliament in 1767 that suspended New York's assembly and established taxes on goods brought into the British colonies.

TEA ACT

Law allowing British merchants to sell their tea for less than colonial merchants. Colonists reacted with the Boston Tea Party.

BOSTON TEA PARTY

A raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.

INTOLERABLE ACTS

A series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party.

SONS OF LIBERTY

A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.

COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE

A group of people in the colonies who exchanged letters on colonial affairs. This system of communication was used to help spread the word about the colonial resistance movement, Committees of Correspondence, organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies. They provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament. The committees sent delegates to the First Continental Congress.

Parliament

The legislature of Great Britain and was the chief lawmaking body for England and was the model used by the colonists for representative democracy.

French and Indian War

Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.

Treaty of Paris

This treaty ended the Seven Years War or the French and Indian War

Proclamation of 1763

A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.

Quartering Act

It allowed for British officers to be permitted to stay in the homes of colonials to cut down maintenance cost of the colonial garrison. It angered many colonists, and influenced the third amendment.

Sugar Act

law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies

King George III

King of England, stubborn, stupid, levied taxes even though he knew colonist would hate it, poor ruler, passed Quartering Act, hated colonists, wanted to show who's in charge.

Boston Massacre

British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.

First Continental Congress

Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Britain and to promote independence in Philadelphia in 1774.

Repeal

To cancel....this was done by the colonists with great success against the Stamp Act

Crispus Attucks

The African-Native American man who was the first man to die in the Boston Massacre, also considered the first death in the Revolutionary War.

Paul Revere

Created the famous engraving of the Boston Massacre stirring up deep colonial resentment for the British army and Great Britain in general.

John Adams

The lawyer responsible for defending the British soldiers who were accused of murder after the Boston Massacre. He did so because he believed that everyone deserved a fair trial. His actions cost him friends and future clients

Patrick Henry

(1736-1799) A leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies. He is famous for the phrase "Give me Liberty or give me death"

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the Revolutionary War between the American colonists and the British. British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were loading arms. The next day, on April 19, 1775, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston

Minutemen

A member of the American colonial militia members ready to fight at a minute's notice.

Common Sense

A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.

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