Computers First Quarter Test2

80 terms by mjvolley11 

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true

An operating system manages hardware, runs applications, provides an interface for users, and stores, retrieves, and manipulates files.

false

Current versions of Windows use DOS as the operating system.

false

The kernel provides a way for the user to do such things as select music to burn to a CD, install an application, or change the wallpaper on the Windows desktop.

true

The Windows desktop is itself a folder.

true

System Information can be useful when strange error messages appear during startup.

false

You can buy a new license for Windows 9x/Me.

true

An operating system is responsible for storing files and folders on a secondary storage device using an organizational method called the file system.

false

Two programs can literally multitask if a system has a single CPU.

true

The taskbar is normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.

true

In Windows XP, My Computer and Windows Explorer are really the same tools with different names.

operating system

A(n) ____ is software that controls a computer.

MS-DOS

In 1986, ____ was introduced and quickly became the most popular OS among IBM computers and IBM-compatible computers using the Intel 8086 processors.

graphical user

A ____ interface is an interface that uses graphics as compared to a command-driven interface.

Aero

Vista has a new 3D user interface called the ____ user interface.

netbook

A(n) ____ is a low-end inexpensive laptop with a small 9- or 10-inch screen and no optical drive.

dual boot

A ____ makes it possible to boot a computer into one of two installed OSs.

shell

A(n) ____ is the portion of an OS that relates to the user and to applications.

kernal

The OS ____ is responsible for interacting with hardware.

executive services

The ____ interface between the subsystems in user mode and the HAL.

thread

A ____ is a single task, such as the task of printing a file, that the process requests from the kernel.

Device drivers

____ are small programs stored on the hard drive that tell the computer how to communicate with a specific hardware device such as a printer, network card, or modem.

taskbar

The ____ is normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.

system tray

The ____ is usually on the right side of the taskbar and displays open services.

service

A(n) ____ is a program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.

file extension

A ____ is one or more characters following the last period in a filename, such as .exe, .txt, or .avi.

User Account Control

The ____ dialog box in Windows Vista appears each time a user attempts to perform an action that can be done only with administrative privileges.

companion stream

Windows identifies file types primarily by the ____.

Briefcase and Offline Files

Windows offers two ways to sync files: ____.

Properties

From the ____ window, you can change the read-only, hidden, archive, and indexing attributes of the file.

index

A(n) ____ is a list of items that is used to speed up a search.

.cpl

An applet has a ____ file extension.

operating system

A(n) ____ is software that controls a computer.

DOS

____ was the operating system used by early versions of Windows, including Windows 3.1 and Windows 3.11.

Windows 2000/XP

____ offers a Recovery Console and a Command Prompt window where you use DOS-like commands.

None of the above

Windows NT corrected many problems with ____.

Windows NT

Windows 2000 is an upgrade of ____.

133

The recommended requirements to run Windows 2000 Professional include a ____ MHz Pentium-compatible processor.

Windows XP

____ is an upgrade of Windows 2000.

64

Windows XP Professional requires a minimum of ____ MB of RAM.

Windows Vista

____ is code-named Longhorn.

distributions

Linux is distributed by several different companies, whose versions of Linux are sometimes called ____.

X Windows

Applications written to provide a GUI shell for Unix and Linux are called ____.

Finder

When a Mac is turned on, the ____ program is automatically launched and it provides the desktop.

initialization

Windows keeps some data in text files called ____ files.

desktop

When an OS is first executed, the initial screen that appears, together with its menus, commands, and icons, is called the _____.

tracks

A hard drive or floppy disk is composed of ____, which are concentric circles on the disk surface.

root directory

When each logical drive is formatted, a single directory table is placed on the drive called the ____.

folders

Subdirectories are also known as ____.

path

When you refer to a drive and directories that are pointing to the location of a file, as in C:\wp\data\myfile.txt, the drive and directories are called the ____ to the file.

virtual memory

The method of using the hard drive as though it were RAM is called ____.

shortcut

A ____ on the desktop is an icon that points to a program you can execute, or to a file or folder.

Device Manager

The ____ gives a graphical view of hardware devices configured under Windows and the resources and drivers they use.

backward

Microsoft did not make a commitment for Windows 2000 to be ____________________-compatible with older software and hardware.

Netbooks

____________________ are generally used for Web browsing, e-mail, and word processing by users on the go.

compressed

A(n) ____________________ folder is often used to compress files to a smaller size so they can more easily be sent by e-mail.

Control Panel

The ____________________ is a window containing several small utility programs called applets that are used to manage hardware, software, users, and the system.

System Information utility

The ______________________________ gives a wealth of information about installed hardware and software, the current system configuration, and currently running programs.

Windows 9x/Me

Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me are collectively called ____________________.

backwared-compatible

Windows 9x/Me operating systems fulfill the Microsoft commitment to be ____________________ with older software and hardware while still taking advantage of newer technology.

Device drivers

____________________ are small programs stored on the hard drive that tell the computer how to communicate with a specific hardware device such as a printer, network card, or modem.

service

A(n) ____________________ is a program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.

Control Panel

The ____________________ is a window containing several small utility programs called applets that are used to manage hardware, software, users, and the system.

Desktop

The initial screen that is displayed when an OS has a GUI interface loaded

Service Pack

A major update or fix to an OS occasionally released by Microsoft

Patches

Minor updates or fixes that are released frequently

Legacy

Older hardware and software

Virtual machine

An environment created by software that works as though it is a standalone computer system

Parent folder

Contains the child folder

Compressed folder

Creates a folder with a .zip extension

Briefcase

Creates a folder that can be used to sync up files in this folder with its corresponding folder on another computer

File attributes

Properties assigned to a file

DOS

The first operating system among IBM computers and IBM-compatible computers

Windows 2000

An upgrade of Windows NT

Windows XP

Attempts to integrate Windows 9x/Me and 2000, while providing added support for multimedia and networking technologies

system tray

Located on the right side of the taskbar; displays icons for running services

Unix

A popular OS used to control networks and to support applications used on the Internet

OS/2

Developed by IBM and Microsoft; less common for home desktop PCs, but used in certain types of networks

shell

The portion of the operating system that relates to the user and to applications

kernel

Responsible for interacting with hardware

desktop

An interface on the computer screen

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