A nucleotide difference carried by at least 1 percent of the population is called a
often produce staggered cuts in DNA that are useful in splicing genes.
are like most enzymes in being very specific in their action.
are natural defense mechanisms evolved in bacteria to guard against or counteract bacteriophages.
are used along with ligase and plasmids to produce a DNA library.
are self-reproducing circular molecules of DNA.
are sites for inserting genes for amplification.
may be transferred between different species of bacteria.
may confer the ability to donate genetic material when bacteria conjugate.
A collection of cells containing DNA fragments produced by restriction enzymes and incorporated into plasmids is called
a DNA library
Multiple copies of DNA can be produced by
cloning a DNA library.
the use of reverse transcriptase.
the action of DNA polymerse.
For the polymerase chain reaction to occur,
isolated DNA molecules must be primed, and the DNA must be separated into single strands.
The laboratory technique used to separate the DNA fragments produced by automated DNA sequencing is
What is the purpose of the modified bases in DNA sequencing
DNA replication terminates when a modified base is added.
they are easily recognized by the computer.
they are added to the DNA chain just like the normal bases.
DNA Fingerprinting is based on the slight differences that occur in___ in the human genome
short tandem repeats
Bacteria has been engineered to
make human insulin.
produce enzymes that increase shelf life of bread.
produce enzymes that improve the taste and clarity of beer.
In the SCID-X1 gene therapy trials, what problem later surfaced after three of the patients?
When one uses the techniques of genetic engineering to move a novel or foreign piece of DNA into the DNA of an organism, these new DNA regions are known by this name.
When pieces of DNA are moved by a genetic engineer from one organism to another, they are first incorporated into these entities.
This is from a viral source and catalyzes reactions to construct DNA strands from mRNA
This is the name of a nuclease whose only function is to cut apart foreign DNA entering a cell
a restriction enzyme