Premature ending of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is able to exist on its own.
Premature detachment of the placenta from its place in the uterine wall.
System of scoring an infant's physical condition at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.
Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.
Carcinoma in situ
Cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.
Carcinoma of the breast
Malignant tumor of breast tissue; breast cancer.
Carcinoma of the cervix
Malignant cells within the cervix (lower portion of the uterus).
Carcinoma of the endometrium
Malignant tumor of the uterus (endometrium).
Destruction of tissue by burning.
Abnormal cells in the cervix (lower, neck-like region of the uterus).
Inflammation of the cervix.
Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.
Malignant tumor of the placenta.
Chorionic villus sampling
Sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis.
Visual examination of the vagina and uterine cervix using an optical magnifying instrument called a colposcope.
Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.
Use of freezing cold temperature to burn and destroy tissue.
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.
Malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries.
Benign tumor of cystic and glandular components, commonly found in the ovaries.
Ovarian cysts lined with a variety of cell types (hair, skin, teeth).
Widening and enlargement of a hollow organ.
Dilation and curettage
Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than in the uterus.
Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor) between the mother and fetus.
Removal of internal organs. Pelvic exenteration is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and sections of the intestines.
Continuous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during labor.
Presence of small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast.
Benign tumors of fibrous and muscular tissue in the uterus; leiomyomas.
Hyaline membrane disease
Acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn.
Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head.
X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
In vitro fertilization
Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix.
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope.
Benign tumors of the uterus; fibroids.
Cavity or channel with a tube or tubular organ, as a blood vessel, vagina, or fallopian tube.
X-ray recording of the breast.
Meconium aspiration syndrome
Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) by a fetus or newborn.
More than one fetus inside the uterus.
Malignant tumor of the ovary; ovarian adenocarcinoma.
Sacs of fluid within or on the ovaries.
Process of examining by using hands or fingers on the outside of the body.
Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.
Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region.
Measurement of the dimensions of the female pelvis.
Placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall.
Abnormal condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema.
Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum in a newborn.
Abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant)
is missing in the lung tissues. Infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease.
Tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female.