Quiz 1 & 2

Created by DemiPhan09 

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55 terms

Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else is termed the

messages

Fortunately, stage fright only affects inexperienced speakers.

false

Public speaking requires the same method of delivery as ordinary conversation.

false

The channel is the means by which a message is communicated.

true

According to your textbook, "Now that you know about my interest in photography, allow me to share with you my passion for snowboarding" is an example of a

transition

As explained in your textbook, the three main parts of a speech are called

the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.

According to your textbook, the type of delivery in which you plan your speech in detail and learn it well without trying to memorize the exact wording is called

extemporaneous

According to your textbook, the first thing a speaker needs to do in the introduction of a speech is to

get the interest and attention of the audience

After choosing a topic, the next step in speech preparation is determining your purpose.

true

To inform my audience about the basic steps in car maintenance and how to protect their investment with auto insurance" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a classroom speech because it:

contains more than one distinct idea

"To inform my audience about the history of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation" is an example of a

specific purpose

"To inform my audience how the campus administration let the cat out of the bag on the proposal to increase tuition" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a speech because it:

is expressed in figurative language

You can increase your gas mileage by reducing the weight in your car, doing regular maintenance, and reducing your driving speedrdquo; is an example of

central idea

"The value of a classic car is determined by its condition, its rarity, and its desirability to collectors" is an example of a(n):

central idea

You can articulate a word sharply and still mispronounce it.

true

A public speaker who frequently says "uh," "er," or "um" is failing to make effective use of

pauses

If you say the "s" in Illinois or the "p" in pneumonia, you are making a mistake in articulation.

false

What advice does your textbook give for practicing speech delivery?

record the speech to check how it sounds

Forming particular speech sounds crisply and distinctly is called

articulation

According to your textbook, saying "pas-ghetti" instead of "spaghetti" is an error in

pronunciation

The relative highness or lowness of sounds produced by the human voice is called

pitch

During her speech on malpractice insurance, the head of the local branch of the American Medical Association consistently avoided making eye contact with her audience. According to research on the role of nonverbal communication in public speaking in a Western culture, the audience was likely to perceive her as

insincere

Hannah is giving a presentation in her physics class and is worried about what she should do with her hands. Which of the following recommendations would she find in your textbook?

all of the above

Which style of delivery will you use in this course?

extemporaneously

Which of the following is not considered to be an advantage of extemporaneous delivery?

it encourages rehoused vocal qualities, natural gestures, and strong eye contacts.

Which type of delivery is used in situations that require absolute accuracy of wording or that impose strict time limits upon the speaker?

manuscript

There several characteristics of your speaking voice that you do have control over, and you can alter these to your advantage.

true

You can't always claim that you have good delivery unless you've practiced and HEARD yourself outside of yourself.

true

Which is the correct phrase?

I could not care less

Which statement shares the exact goal of the speech?

specific purpose

What error in reasoning is exemplified by the following statement?

French movies are all dull. I saw three of them last semester in my film class and couldn't stay awake through a single one.

hasty generalization

What error in reasoning is exemplified by the following statement?

Both of my roommates drink at least three cans of soda every day and neither of them is overweight, so all those studies that link soda consumption to obesity must be wrong.

hasty generalization

What error in reasoning is exemplified by the following statement?

My Volkswagen constantly needs repairs, and so does my roommate's Toyota. We can see, then, that foreign cars are unreliable.

hasty generalization

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

What does the mayor know about cutting down on crime? After all, he was accused of shoplifting when he was in college.

ad hominem

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

We are spending too much time talking about regulating the cable TV industry while other countries are beating us in technological development.

red herring

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

Why should we worry about endangered animal species when thousands of people are killed in automobile accidents each year?

red herring

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

People who oppose the President's new health care program are all a bunch of selfish rich people who don't have any concern for those less fortunate than themselves.

red herring

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy?

People who say Barbie dolls are bad for girls' self-esteem are a bunch of liberal do-gooders who don't want anybody to have fun.

slippery slope

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade the audience that abortion is a good option for some people.

false

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade the audience on the right and wrong way of going about dieting and eating right.

false

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade my listeners to believe that schools should not require students to wear uniforms.

false

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade the audience that they should go to college.

false

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade my audience to visit the Dominican Republic.

true

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade my listeners to let their hair grow and donate it to Locks of Love.

true

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade the members of the audience to get a Facebook account if they don't already have one.

true

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade my audience to donate blood at the blood drive being held on campus next week.

falsoe

The following purpose statement would be a good choice for this class:

The purpose of my speech is to persuade the audience that child abuse is wrong.

false

Failure to cite sources in your written and spoken speech can be interpreted as plagiarism, which is a serious offense that can cause you to fail the assignment, course, or even be dismissed from the college.e

true

It's okay if you don't cite your sources verbally in your presentation as long as it is well-documented in your written documentation.

false

refers to facts that can be found in numerous places and are likely to be known by a lot of people.

...

You must document the following phrase: "George W. Bush was the president of the United States during the 9/11 attacks."

false

Which of the following is not a tip to help a writer/speaker avoid plagiarism? You must give credit whenever you use:

...

One strategy for avoiding plagiarism is to put quotations around everything that comes directly from the text being used.

true

Which statement below does not apply to the errors found with the following student citation?

ORIGINAL SOURCE VERSION: Technology has significantly transformed education at several major turning points in our history. In the broadest sense, the first technology was the primitive modes of communication used by prehistoric people before the development of spoken language. Mime, gestures, grunts, and drawing of figures in the sand with a stick were methods used to communicate -- yes, even to educate. Even without speech, these prehistoric people were able to teach their young how to catch animals for food, what animals to avoid, which vegetation was good to eat and which was poisonous.

STUDENT VERSION: In examining technology, we have to remember that computers are not the first technology people have had to deal with. The first technology was the primitive modes of communication used by prehistoric people before the development of spoken language.

...

Plagiarism is using others' ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.

true

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