Achaemenid Empire

Created by tshamoon1 

Upgrade to
remove ads

45 terms · The Achaemenid Empire. Traditions and Encounters Volume I.

Croesus was the ruler of ...
Cyrus the Achaemenid conquered this kingdom in ...

kingdom of Lydia in SW Anatolia
546 BCE

Cyrus the Achaemenid was also called...
He reigned from... to...

Cyrus the Shepherd and/or Cyrus king of the Persians
from 558 BCE to 530 BCE

Cyrus was a great... and Darius was more important as an....

Cyrus/Warrior...Darius/Administrator

Cyrus' victory over Lydia was a major turning point in the development of...

The Persian Empire. It also provided wealth and trading interactions with already established societies (Greece, Egypt, Phoenicia by sea; and Mesopotamia and Persia by land)

Croesus was taken captive and later became an ...

He became an advisor to Cyrus

Lydia was the first to use_________ and Darius later used this system for his own economic system.

Standardized coins

Persian society took shape in the ________ century B.C.E. when _________ conquered the region from the ______ River to __________ and SE __________. Persian rule over this area was until the early 7th century C.E.

6th century BCE / Warriors / Indus / Egypt / Europe

During Cyrus' rule in the Achaemenid Empire, it was a ___________ government that relied heavily on ___________ techniques of administration.

decentralized government / Mesopotamian

High __________ productivity enabled many people to work at other tasks other than _______. This created _________ classes.

agricultural / cultivation / social

The social _________ under Darius consisted of:

classes / bureaucrats, administrators, priests, craftsmen, and merchants.

The empire of _________ arose in the arid land of _______.

Persia / Iran

The _______ and Persians migrated to Persia before _________ B.C.E.

Medes / 1,000 B.C.E.

The early migrating peoples spoke __________ languages. They were cousins of the ________.

Indo-European / Aryans

The Medes and Persians were mostly _________ and practiced limited amounts of agriculture. They organized themselves in ________ instead of states or formal political institutions. However, they recognized leaders who collected __________ and delivered tribute to their ___________ overlords.

pastoralists / clans / taxes / Mesopotamian

The Medes and Persians were expert ________ and were peoples of considerable military ________. They possessed _________ skills common to most steppe peoples from whom they were descendent of.

archers / power / equestrian

Cyrus' conquests laid the foundation for the first _________ Empire known as the __________ Empire.

Persian Empire / Achaemenid

Cyrus pursued a policy of _________ which caused many of the lands he conquered to immediately recognize him as their lord.

tolerance

Cyrus' son was named ________. His son conquered _________.

Cambyses / Egypt

The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was ______, who was a younger ________ of Cyrus.

Darius / kinsman

Darius conquered and absorbed lands that stretched _________ miles from the ________ River to the _______ Sea; and from _______ miles from Armenia to the first _________ of the ________ River.

1,865 miles / Indus / Aegean / 933 miles / cataract / Nile

Darius' empire touched the shores of Arabian Sea, Aral Sea, Persian ______, Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Red Sea, and the __________ Sea. The empire's population during this time was about _________.

Gulf / Mediterranean Sea / 35,000,000

How many distinct ethnic groups did Darius preside over?

70

These ethnic groups spoke many different _______ and observed many different ________ and cultural traditions.

languages / religious

Darius pursued a policy of ________ like his predecessor ________.

tolerance / Cyrus

Darius formed the first ________ government of the Achaemenid empire and built a new capital at _________ near Pasargadae.

centralized / Persepolis

The new capital of Darius served as an administrative center with reception halls, royal residences, and a well-protected ________. Advisors, administrators, diplomats, scribes, accountants, _________, and bureaucratic officers of all descriptions filled the city.

treasury / translators

Darius replaced irregular tribute payments with _______ that were paid ________. He also issued standardized coins first seen in _________ and codified ________.

formal tax levies that were paid annually / Lydia / laws

Darius set up a legal ________ that allowed tolerance in the conquered lands by codifying and modifying _______ when needed to harmonize with the _______ principles within the empire as a whole and then modifying laws within districts that were more specific to that district's______ group. He did not abolish their existing laws.

system / laws / legal / ethnic

Darius divided his realm into ________ satrapies.

23

Satraps were Persian __________ who governed a satrapy.

administrators

Darious allowed the ________ who had been exiled by the _________ to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their __________.

Jews / Babylonias / temple

The "eyes and ears of the king" were:

imperial spies who conducted surprise audits of accounts and procedures in the provinces and collecting intelligence reports.

The _____________ stretched 1,600 miles from the Aegean port of Ephesus to _________ in Anatolia, through Mesopotamia along the ________ River, to Susa in ________, with an extension to Pasargadae and ___________.

Royal Road / Sardis / Tigris / Iran / Persepolis

It only took caravans 90 days to travel the ____________. It was well-policed and organzied with 111 ________ services that were spaced in intervals every 25-30 miles. The modern-day U.S. ________ picks up its slogan from these services that were described by the Greek Historian ___________. (Name the Slogan).

Royal Road / courier / Postal Service / Herodotus
"Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds."

_________ built during the Achaemenid Empire improved communications and was the cause of the rapid incline of civilizations because of increased __________ between developing societies.

Roads / interactions

What is a qanat?

An underground canal.

Who was Darius' successor?

His son Xerxes (reign 486 to 465 B.C.E.). He went against the policies of toleration causing rebellions.

What caused the Persian Wars (500-479 B.C.E.)?

The Greeks assissinated their Persian governors who were put into office by Darius. Their rebellion asserted thier independence and launched a series of conflicts.

The Battle of Marathon was in _______ and led by _________.

490 B.C.E. / Xerxes

What was the name of Alexander the Great?

Alexander of Macedon

Alexander invaded Persia in _______ with an army of _________.

334 B.C.E. / 40,000 tough, battle hardened Macedonians.

The Macedonians carried heavier arms and employed more _________ military ________ than their opponents.

sophisticated military tactics.

At the Battle of ________ in 331 B.C.E., Alexander defeated the _________ forces.

Battle of Gaugamela / Achaemenid forces

Upon winning the battle, Alexander paid his respects to the __________, claimed himself heir to the Achaemenid rulers, and then _________ the city of _________. He died in ________.

tomb of Cyrus / burned / Persepolis / 323 B.C.E.

The empires that succeeded Alexander were:

The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanid Empires.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set