Rock n' Roll '50-'60

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68 terms · University o Florida MMC 1702 Exam 2 Study Guide

Chuck Berry

a. Singer, songwriter first great creative artist of rock n' roll.
b. No manger
c. Collaborated w/ Willie Dixon and Leonard Chess
d. Success came from singles
e. Greatly influenced the Beatles
f. He was one of the first independent successful African-American entertainers that white kids deeply admires causing some persecution
g. convicted in 1959 for violating Mann Act, Berry did four years in prison
h. "Grand Old Man" of Rock n' roll

Johnnie Johnson

a. Chuck Berry's longtime piano player/contributor.
b. 2001 inductee

Bo Diddley

a. Founding Father
b. Recorded in Chicago @ Chess, self-produced via Leonard Chess
c. Wrote all his own songs
d. Used guitar as percussion instruments

The Bo Diddley Beat

By Bo Diddley was his signature used in music consistently

Little Richard

a. Founding Father
b. Epitomized the abandon celebrated in rock lyrics and music and Challenged the boundaries between sex and music
c. Set the standard for wildness
d. "Architect of Rock n' Roll"
e. Signature= high WOOOO!
f. Thwarted by Paul Boone

Bumps Blackwell

songwriter, arranger and producer of Little Richards early hits "Long Tall Sally" at Specialty Records

Marion Williams

gospel singer

Dorothy LaBostrie

cleaned up the lyrics of Little Richards "Tutti Fruitti"

Fats Domino

- Founding Father
a. Sold more records than everyone but Elvis in the '50s

Dave Bartholomew

Fats' partner/collaborator/producer

Cosimo Matassa

- owned J&M studios in New Orleans
a. Worked with Fat Domino, Little Richard, Dave Bartholomew, Allen Toussaint in the 50s-60s

Pat Boone

covered/stole many of Little Richards hit songs thwarting his progression

The Girl Can't Help It

1956 rock n' roll film with MANY great performances

Carl Perkins

- Sun Records '54
a. Rockabilly #1
b. Toured with Elvis and Johnny Cash
c. HUGE influence on The Beatles
d. "Blue Suede Shoes" -#1 Country, Pop and R&B, first Sun Record to sell 1 million

Jerry Lee Lewis

White rockabilly singer and pianist

Roy Orbison

Sun Records Rockabilly
a. Tragic figure
b. Blossomed when he left Sun
c. Late career resurgence '80s
d. "Mystery Girl" and "King of Hearts" Album
e. '87 inductee

Johnny Cash

- Sun Records Rockabilly
a. Left in '63 for Columbia have huge hits
b. Revitalized career in '67 w/ "Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison" #1
c. Pushed the boundaries and embodied the flaws and contradictory characteristics of America
d. Concept albumist

Million Dollar Quartet

Elvis, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins '56

Rosco Gordon

- Sun Records Rockabilly who influenced ska music

Bill Justice

Sun Records Rockabilly
a. his song played when played by George Harrison got him into The Beatles

Traveling Wilburys

- 80s band feat. Roy Orbison, Petty, Dylan, Jeff Lynne, George Harrison
a. "Handle With Care" hit single

Charlie Rich

- Sun Records rockabilly singer/pianist. BIG country star

Buddy Holly

started out doin country but Elvis convinced him to switch to rock n' roll
a. Crazy catalog because he belonged to two labels
b. Died the day music died - Feb. 3, 1959
c. In the Cricketts
d. Recorded in Clovis, New Mexico

The Crickets

Buddy Holly's Rockabilly Band
a. From Lubbock, Texas
b. Recorded in Clovis, New Mexico
c. "That'll be the Day"=first hit

Ritchie Valens

Died that day music died- Feb. 3, 1959
a. "La Bamba" and "Donna" were hit songs
b. From California

J.P. (Jape) Richardson

The Big Bopper

The Big Bopper

- Died that day music died- Feb. 3, 1959
a. "Chantilly Lace" novelty hit

Gene Vincent

- in the accident the day that music died but lived
a. Continues to perform today
b. "Be-Bop -A-Lula" from the girl can't help it

Norman Petty

- Owned the sudio in Clovis, New Mexico that the Crickets w/ Buddy Holly

Waylon Jennings

• Almost died in 1959 plane crash that killed Buddy Holly

Don McLean

Wrote and sang "American Pie" about the day music died and American culture 10 years after the accident

Paul McCartney

covered songs by all Gene Vincent and Eddie Cochran

Eddie Cochran

- Died that day music died- Feb. 3, 1959
a. Rockabilly
b. In the girl can't help it w/ "Twenty Flight Rock"
i. Important in The Beatles history becasue Paul knew all the words and impressed John causing him to invite Paul into his group

Northern Band Rock 'N' Roll

a. Bill Haley and His Comets (Michigan)

New Orleans Dance Blues

Fats Domino, Professor Longhair, Allen Toussaint

Memphis Rockabilly

- most authentic marriage between country and R&B
a. Emerged from Sun Records (Elvis, Cash, Orbison, )
i. The Maddox Brothers
ii. Dale Hawkins
iii. Ronnie Hawkins
iv. Link Wray - "Rumble"
v. The Everly Brothers- poet laureates of love for their era

Bill Haley & His Comets

i. Started out career as a country artist but gained success as a genuine R&B cover artist
1. "Shake, Rattle and Roll"- first gold hit
2. "Rock Around the Clock"- cross media hit, topped pop charts for 8 weeks and sold 1 million records in Great Britain

Blackboard Jungle

Movie cemented a link between teenage rebellion and rock n' roll
a. Feat. "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets

The Wild One

Brando & Lee Marvin as rival motorcycle gang leaders
a. First outlaw biker movie. Popularized leather jackets, sunglasses, jeans, and motorcycles
b. HUGE influence on pop culture

Rebel Without A Cause

James Dean
a. Confused, misunderstood, alienated teenager inspired by Brando
b. Influenced Elvis, Dylan, Eagles,

Marlon Brando

Starred in The Wild One

James Dean

Starred in Rebel Without a Cause

Johnny Burnette

Memphis Rockabilly
a. Successful solo career and songwriter w/ Rick Nelson
b. "You're Sixteen" - hit for Ringo Staar
c. "Train Kept a Rollin'"

Sid King & The Five Strings

Memphis Rockabilly
a. One of the first white rock bands to record for a major label(Columbia in '55)

The Collins Kids

- Memphis Rockabilly

Wanda Jackson

- Memphis Rockabilly Queen
a. Aspiring country star until Elvis convinced her to switch
b. 2009 inductee

Johnny Horton

Memphis Rockabilly
a. "Honky Tonk Man"

Dale Hawkins

- Memphis Rockabilly
a. "Susie Q"
b. Tons of covers

Ronnie Hawkins

- Memphis Rockabilly
a. "Forty Days"
b. backup band was The Hawks who later became Bob Dylan's band for tour and Woodstock later became The Band*

Ersel Hickey

- Memphis Rockabilly
a. "Bluebirds Over the Mountain"
i. Later recorded by Ritchie Valens and was a top 100 hit

Link Wray

Memphis Rockabilly
a. "Rumble" first instrumental song to be banned from radio airplay

Teen Idols

- came about with the popular movies of the time
a. James Dean, Marlon Brando

The Platters

Vocal Group Rock
a. black doo-wop vocal group hat adapted "standard" Tin Pan Alley songs to R&B style
b. "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" ('59)

The Coasters

- Vocal Group Rock w/ R&B
a. Songs written/produced by Leiber and Stoller
b. Evolved into a doo-wop group
c. "Searchin" - first #1 hit - and "Young Blood"
d. "Yakkety Yak" and "Charlie Brown"

The Drifters

- Vocal Group Rock
a. doo-wop/R&B vocal group
b. originall formed by Clyde McPhatter of Billy Ward & the Dominoes
c. constant line-up changes

Ben E. King

Vocal Group Rock
a. lead singer for The Drifters
b. "Save the Last Dance for ME" and "There Goes My Baby"

Billy Ward & The Dominoes

Vocal Group Rock
a. Began the career or Clyde McPhatter ( The Drifters)

Doo-Wop

- Vocal Group Rock
a. Style based in R&B - smooth consonant harmonies
b. Went mainstream in the 50s/60s

The Chords

Vocal Group Rock
a. Doo-wop group
b. "Sh-Boom" was their one hit
i. Topped R&B and pop charts
ii. Introduced whit audience to black R&B for the first time '54

The Crew Cuts

Vocal Group Rock
a. Covered The Chords "Sh-Boom" and added syllables
b. Canadian doo-wop group

Sonny Til & The Orioles

- Vocal Group Rock
a. One of the earliest bands that established the basic pattern of doo-wop sound
b. Considered first R&B vocal group

Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers

- Vocal Group Rock
a. Doo-wop group
b. One of rocks earliest successes because of Alan Freed
c. "Wnhy Do Fools Fall in Love" was their first and biggest hit
d. Racially mixed

Clyde McPhatter

Vocal Group Rock
a. original lead singer for The Drifters

Buck Ram

a. songwriter that created The Platters/The Coasters sound

Felice and Boudleaux Bryant

- Memphis Rockabilly songwriters
a. Worked with The Everly Brothers
b. Wrote a string of #1 pop hits

The Everly Brothers

a. Appalachian family
b. "Bye-Bye Love" "Wake Up, Little Susie" "Bird Dog"
c. Worked with songwriters Felice and Boudleaux Bryant
d. Poet laureates of love - "All I Have to do is Dream: #1

Jerry Leiber

lyricist who worked with Mike Stoller
a. Wrote crossover hit songs like "Hound Dog" "Yakety Yak" and "Jailhouse Rock" for Big Mama Thorton/Elvis, The Coasters, and Elvis

Mike Stoller

- composer who worked with Jerry Leiber
a. Wrote crossover hit songs like "Hound Dog" "Yakety Yak" and "Jailhouse Rock" for Big Mama Thorton/Elvis, The Coasters, and Elvis

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