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polytheistic

belief in more than one god

trade

a system of exchanging goods between people

Assyrians

Civilization in northern Mesopotamia that had a strong army, in 900 BC controlled all of Fertile Crescent

monotheistic

belief in only one god

marketplace

area where goods are bought, sold, and traded

Chaldeans

a group from the Syrian Desert led by King Nebuchadnezzar and who rebuilt city of Babylon (hanging gardens)

Phoenicians

sea-trading civilization located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and created world's first alphabet

city-state

a political unit consisting of a city and the surrounding farm land

alliance

an agreement to work together

peninsula

a piece of land mostly surrounded by water

island

a piece of land completely surrounded by water

pictograph

a picture symbol

oral history

a spoken record of the past

Hammurabi's Code

first written code of law with 282 laws written by by the leader of the Babylonian civlization

arts/literature

printed works create by the skill and imagination of a people

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