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anatome

Greek word for cutting apart

anatomy

study of naming body structures

dors/o

combining form for near or on the back

ventr/o

combining form for near or on the belly side of the body

anterior (ant)

toward the front or in front of

posterior (post)

following or located behind

cephalic

upward, toward the head

caudal (caudad)

downward, toward the tail

medial

toward the midline

lateral

toward the side, away from the midline

superior

above

inferior

below

proximal

near the point of origin

distal

away from the point of origin

saggital

vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right

coronal

resembling a crown or encircling

anterolateral

front and side

anteromedial

front and middle

anterosuperior

front and top

posterolateral

back and side

posteroexternal

back and outside of the body

posterointernal

back and inside the body

anteroposterior

front and back (from front to back) (1)

ventrodorsal

front and back (from front to back) (2)

dorsocephalad

toward the back of the head

ventrad

toward the front (2)

mediolateral

middle and side

superolateral

above and to the side

cephalocaudal

head to tail

midsagittal plane

a cut made at the midline to divide the body into equal right and left halves

axillary

region commonly known as the armpit

midaxillary

fifth intercostal space in line with the middle of the armpit

sagittalis

arrowlike in Latin

corona dentis

crown

coronal

Greek word for crown or circle

coronary arteries

arteries encircling the <3

coronary veins

veins encircling the <3

umbilicus

Latin synonym for navel

omphalitis

inflammation of the umbilicus

omphal/o

combining form for navel

omphalic

pertaining to the navel

omphalectomy

excision of the umbilicus

omphalocele

herniation of the navel (1)

umbilicocele

herniation of the navel (2)

omphalorrhagia

umbilical hemorrhage

omphalorrhea

discharge flowing from the navel

omphalorrhexis

rupture of the navel

cephalocaudal

human development in a head-to-body (tail) direction

gnosia (gnosis)

Greek word for knowledge

pro-

prefix meaning in front of

prognosis

foreknowledge or predicting the outcome of a disease

procephalic

in front of the head

prognostic

giving an indication concerning the outcome of a disease

dia-

through or throughout

diagnosis

knowing through (identification of a disease)

diagnostic

adj form of diagnosis

diagnose

verb form of diagnosis

sign

observable, objective info about the patient

symptoms

subjective, feelings and info that may not be observable

diarrhea

flowing through

dialysis

separation of substances in a solution; process of destroying waste products in the blood by diffusion through the membrane

hemodialysis

removes waste from the blood by using an artificial kidney machine

diascope

skin is looked at through this instrument to see superfical serface lesions and other things

aer/o

combining form for air

aerophobia

abnormal fear of air

aerotherapy

treatment w/ air

aerocele

herniation containing air

bios

Greek word for life

biochemistry

study of chemical changes in living things

biology

study of living things

biologist

one who studies living things/life

biogenesis

the formation of living things

bic

suffix for life

aerobic

needing air (oxygen) to live

anaerobic

not needing air (oxygen) to live

biopsy

excision of tissue for examination of living or life

chroma and chrome

2 English words for color

chromoblast

an embryonic color (pigment) cell

chromocyte

any colored cell

chromolysis

destruction of color (in cell)

chromogenesis

formation of pigment (color)

chromometer

instrument of measuring amount of color in a substance

chromophilic

attracts stain easily

chromophobic

will not stain at all, will not attract color

achromophilic

does not attract stain easily

dys-

prefix meaning abnormal, bad, painful, or difficult

eu-

prefix meaning well or easy; good

eupepsia

good digestion

eupeptic

adj for good digestion

eupnea

easy or normal breathing

dyspepsia

bad digestion

dyspeptic

adj for bad digestion

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

eukinesia

normal movement

euesthesia

good feeling or sensation

euphoria

a feeling of great elation

dyskinesia

difficult movement

dysesthesia

difficult or painful sensation

dysphoria

sense of great unhappiness or dissatisfaction

-tocia

suffix meaning labor

dystocia

difficult labor

eutocia

easy or normal labor and childbirth

thanatos

Greek word meaning death

than

word root for death

euthanasia

easy or peaceful death

gen

form or produce

-ic

adj ending

bioethics

deals w/ decisions about life and medical treatments that concern right and wrong as seen by both society and individuals

dysentery

painful or difficult condition of the small intestine

col/o

combining form for the large intestine

enter/o

combining form for the small intestine

men/o

combining form for month

mensis

Latin word for month

menses

another word for menstruation

menarche

refers to a female's first menstrual period

menorrhea

flow of menses

dysmenorrhea

painful (bad or difficult) menstrual flow

menopause

permanent cessation of menstruation or menses

menorrhagia

excessive menstruation or menstrual hemorrhage

amenorrhea

absence (without) menstrual flow

menostasis

stopping menstrual flow

-stasis

suffix that means the act or condition of stopping or controlling

hemostasis

act of controlling blood flow

phlebostasis (venostasis)

control of blood flow in veins

arteriostasis

control of flow in arteries

lymphostasis

control of lymph flow

hemostat

an instrument used in surgery to control blood flow by clamping off an artery or vein

homeostasis

balance of body functions (staying the same)

syphilis

an STD that attacks many parts of the body and is caused by a small bacterium called a spirochete

syphil/o

combining form for syphilis

syphilopsychosis

mental condition caused by syphilis

syphilophobia

fear of contracting syphilis

syphilotherapy

therapy for syphilis

syphiloma

a syphilitic tumor

syphilopathy

any syphilitic disease

-cyesis

Greek word (kyesis) meaning pregnancy

pseudo-

false

pseudocyesis (pseudopregnancy)

false pregnancy

pseudoscience

false science

pseudomania

a psychosis in which patients have a false or pretended mental disorder

pseudoparalysis

false paralysis (paralysis not due to nerve damage)

pseudocyst

false cyst

pseudoedema

false edema

pseudoesthesia

false or imaginary sensation

pseudohypertrophy

false hypertrophy

pseudotuberculosis

false TB

pseudoneuroma

false nerve tumor

viscera

plural form of viscus

viscer/ad

toward the viscera

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