SC 10 Core history

Created by MarkRJohnston Teacher

September

Month in which WWII began

Munich

City in which Britain, France and Germany did a deal over Czechoslovakia in September 1938

Appeasement

Term for policy of giving Hitler what he wanted so as to avoid war.

Chamberlain

British PM at beginning of WWII

1933

Year in which Hitler came to power

Stuka

Famous German dive-bomber

Fighter

Messerschmitt 109 was a: dive-bomber, fighter, bomber

1939

Year in which Hitler occupied the whole of Czechoslovakia

SA

Abbreviation for Nazi Brownshirts

Pogrom

Was Kristallnacht a pogrom, a putsch or a synagogue?

Semitism

Hatred of Jews: Anti-___________

Isolationist

In the interwar period was the USA interventionist, abolitionist or isolationist?

League

Failed international organisation between the wars: the ________ of Nations

Mussolini

Dictator of Fascist Italy

Versailles

This 1919 treaty greatly embittered many Germans

Austria

Anschluss refers to Germany's occupation of ______________

Blitzkrieg

German word meaning 'lightning war'

Tank

Panzer means______

Phoney

The lull on the Western Front in 1939-40 was called the ________ war

Line

The Maginot ________ was in France

Ardennes

Forest through which the Germans launched a surprise attack in May 1940 and December 1944

Dunkirk

Port from which British and French troops were evacuated to Britain in 1940

Gaulle

Commander of the Free French: Charles de ________

Vichy

The French puppet government established in 1940 was based on the town of ___________

Finest

'This was their __________ hour'

Blitz

The heavy bombing of British cities in 1940-1 was known as the ________

bomber

The ___________ will always get through

Sealion

Germany's plan to invade Britain was called Operation ________

Hurricane

Two main types of British fighter in Battle of Britain: Spitfire and ________

Aircraft

Were Heinkel, Dornier and Junkers famous as: Nazis, aircraft or battles?

Goering

Head of the German air force

Goebbels

Head of Nazi propaganda

Italy

At the beginning of WWII, which country controlled Libya?

London

Was Germany's defeat in the Battle of Britain sealed when they switched to attacking London, radar stations or airfields?

Bardia

Which was the first battle of the war involving Australian soldiers? Sedan, Alamein, Bardia, Tobruk

Rommel

Who commanded the Germans in the desert war?

Montgomery

British commander at El Alamein

9th

Was the Australian division that fought at Tobruk and Alamein the 6th, 7th, 8th or 9th?

Rats

The defenders of Tobruk called themselves the '________ of Tobruk'

Greece

Australian and New Zealand troops could not prevent the fall of this country in 1941

Morshead

Commander of the 'Rats of Tobruk'

Crete

Island captured by German paratroops

Korps

The German troops in North Africa were called the 'Afrika _______'

Besiegers

The Australians in Tobruk were told to 'besiege the ________'

U-boat

German word for submarine

Bismarck

Great German battleship sunk in 1941

Stalin

In August 1939 Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with _________

Scorched

Policy of denying resources to an enemy: _________ earth

Oil

Hitler wanted the Caucasus region of the USSR for its ________

Volga

Stalingrad lay on the ________ River

Leningrad

Hitler's chief objectives in 1941 were the cities of Moscow and _______________

Zhukov

Stalin's best general

June

Germany invaded the USSR on 22 ________ 1941

Exterminate

Was the role of Einsatzgruppen to administer, fight or exterminate?

Communist

Was 'Bolshevik' another name for Communist, Jew or Commissar?

Guerrillas

In WWII were 'partisans' police, pilots or guerrillas?

50

Rough percentage of Soviet POWs who died in captivity: 25, 33, 50, 80

Paulus

General who surrendered at Stalingrad - von ________

Sniper

Was Vasili Zaitsev a famous pilot, sniper, general or politician?

34

A type of Soviet tank which shocked the Germans in 1941 was the T-___

Luftwaffe

German air force

Kursk

Was the greatest tank battle in history Normandy, Kursk, the Bulge or Alamein?

Tanks

What type of weapons were the Tiger and Panther?

Italy

Which country did Churchill describe as the 'soft underbelly of Europe'?

1943

In which year did Italy surrender to the Allies?

Area

Instead of Precision bombing, did the RAF concentrate on 'power', 'tactical' or 'area' bombing?

Range

Was the P-51 Mustang's most significant asset its range, firepower, speed or altitude?

Fortress

Hitler talked of his Atlantic Wall, or '_______ Europe' in the lead-up to D-Day

6

D-Day was ___ June 1944

Overlord

Was the D--Day operation codename 'Anvil', 'Torch' or 'Overlord'?

Normandy

Was D-Day in Brittany, Paris, Dunkirk or Normandy?

Beaches

Gold, Juno and Sword were British________

Omaha

The landing which came closest to defeat on D-Day was at _________ Beach.

Centre

While the fighting in France went on in 1944, the Red Army destroyed the German Army Group ____

Warsaw

Eastern European city which rose against the Germans in August 1944

Rhine

The capture of the bridge at Arnhem was an attempt to cross the _______

Missile

Was the V-2 a plan, a jet or a missile?

Radar

Which did the Germans NOT invent: jet, assault-rifle, snorkel, radar

Bulge

Hitler's offensive in December 1944 is usually called the Battle of the ______

Bastogne

Great defensive battle won by the Americans in the Ardennes: Arnhem, Carentan, Cassino, Bastogne

Roosevelt

Leaders of the Big Three for most of the war: Stalin, Churchill and ______________

Valkyrie

Codename for plot to kill Hitler - name of a movie about that subject

Berlin

Chuikov was a Soviet general who led Red Army troops to famous victories in Stalingrad and ______

April

Hitler killed himself on 30 ______ 1945

Japan

The members of the Tripartite Pact (1940) were Germany, Italy and ________

1941

Year in which Pearl Harbor was attacked

7 December

Was Pearl Harbor attacked on 22 June, 11 September, or 7 December?

Hawaii

Island on which Pearl Harbor is a base

Singapore

Australia's defence against Japan was initially based on the '________ Strategy'

8th

Australia lost most of the ____ Division in the defence of Malaya, Singapore and other islands

February

15 ________ 1942 was the date on which Singapore fell to the Japanese

Bennett

The Australian commander in Singapore, Gordon ________, contorversially escaped from the island before it surrendered.

Third

Proportion of Australian POWs who did not survive Japanese captivity: one-________

1942

The first air raid on Darwin occurred on 19 February ________

Curtin

Australian Prime Minister for most of WWII: John________

250

Was the death toll from the bombing of Darwin approximately: 50, 250, 700 or 1200?

64

During the course of the war how many air raids did Darwin endure? 24, 44 or 64?

3

How many Japanese midget submarines entered Sydney Harbour in May 1942?

Ferry

Did the midget submarines in Sydney sink a ferry, a cruiser or nothing?

Newcastle

Japanese submarines bombarded Sydney and which other Australian town?

Philippines

Immediately before he came to Australia, where had General MacArthur been in command?

AIF

Which of these terms was NOT used for Australian troops whose sole task was to defend Australian soil: AIF, CMF, militia

Coral

Port Moresby was saved from capture by the battle of the ________ Sea

Midway

At the battle of ________ Japan lost four aircraft carriers

Kokoda

The Japanese tried to capture Port Moresby by crossing Papua on the ________ Track.

Milne

Japanese ground forces suffered their first major defeat at the battle of ________ Bay in August-September 1942

1943

Were the Australians MacArthur's spearhead force in 1943, 1944 or 1945?

29

Main US bomber used against Japanese home islands from late 1944: the B-___

mopping

In the last stages of the war Australian troops were reduced to '________-up' isolated but hard-fighting Japanese garrisons.

Kamikaze

Japanese suicide missions

All

Were one, none or all of these places on the Kokoda Track? Isurava, Imita, Deniki

Fuzzy

________ Wuzzies was a term given to locals who helped the Australians in Papua

Buna

Which of these places was a Japanese base in New Guinea: Truk, Tarawa, Buna

6

The Nazis murdered approximately ________ million Jews

Holocaust

Shoah is a term used by Jews for the wartime ________

Race

Is 'eugenics' a term connected with tactics, race, codebreaking or rationing?

Kristallnacht

German term for Night of the Broken Glass, November 1938

Ghettos

Term for small urban areas where Germans confined Jews

Auschwitz

Most famous Nazi extermination camp:________

Einsatzgruppen

SS killing squads in Russia were called '________'

Final Solution

At Wannsee in January 1942 the Nazis decided on a '______ __________ to the Jewish question'

Star

Under the Nazis, all Jews were required to wear a ________ of David

Potsdam

The ________ Declaration of July 1945 threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender

Manhattan

Codename for the American project to build the atomic bomb: The ________ Project

Einstein

Two physicists, Leo Szilard and Albert ________ encouraged Roosevelt to build the bomb

Truman

US President who permitted the dropping of the A-bombs

Flag

The battle of Iwo Jima is remembered largely because of a photo of marines holding a ________

Okinawa

Japanese island taken in bloody and huge-scale fighting in April-June 1945: ________

Downfall

The Allied plan to invade Japan in 1945 was called 'Operation __________'

Boy

The first atomic bomb dropped on Japan was called 'Little ______'

Nagasaki

The atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and ________

August

Month in which the atomic bombs were dropped

Hirohito

Name of the emperor of Japan in World War II

RAAF

Which was most appealing to early Australian recruits: AIF, CMF, RAAF, RAN?

Chocos

What was the derogatory nickname given to militiamen, who were said to 'melt in the sun'?

Total

War involving all aspects of society came to be called '________ war'

Geneva

The ________ Convention offered protection to prisoners of war

Burma

An infamous building proect involving POWs was the ________ Railway

Dunlop

'Weary' ________ was an Australian doctor famous for courageously helping and protecting prisoners of the Japanese

Security

The National ________ Act gave the Federal government strong powers in wartime

Brisbane

Brawl between Australian and Amercan servicemen in November 1942: the Battle of ________

Internment

Confining people associated with an enemy nation to camps is called:________

Women

The WAAAF, AWAS, and WRANS were all organisations for ________

agriculture

Was the Australian Women's Land Army chiefly concerned with agriculture, administration or manufacture?

European

Aborigines could join the armed forces only if they were of 'substantially ________ descent'

Saunders

Reg ________ was the frst Aboriginal to become an Australian army officer

Pilot

Len Waters was the RAAF's only Aboriginal ________

Chifley

Was Australia's PM at the end of WWII Curtin, Menzies, Lyons or Chifley?

Evatt

A leading figure in the establishment of the United Nations was the Australian, 'Doc' ________

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