5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Mahayana Buddhism
- trans-Siberian caravan routes
- "small traditions"
- Silk Road
- a Great Vehicle' branch of Buddhism followed in China, Japan, and Central Asia. The focus is on reverence for Buddha and for bodhisattvas, enlightened persons who have postponed nirvana to help others attain enlightenment.
- b Historians' term for a localized, non literate, set of customs and beliefs adhered to by a single society, often in conjunction with a "great tradition".
- c The four major social divisions in India's caste system: the Brahmin priest class, the Kshatriya warrior/administrator class, the Vaishya merchant/farmer class, and the Shudra laborer class.
- d Caravan routes connecting China and the Middle East across Central Asia and Iran.
- e trading networks linking North Africa with sub-Saharan Africa across the Sahara.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India (r. 270-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing.
- 'Way of the Elders' branch of Buddhism followed in Sri Lanka and much of Southeast Asia. Remains close to the original principles set forth by the Buddha; it downplays the importance of gods.
- Device for securing a horseman's feet, enabling him to wield weapons more effectively. First evidence of the use of stirrups was among the Kushan people of northern Afghanistan in approximately the first century C.E.
- collective name of a large group of sub-saharan african languages and of the peoples speaking these languages
- An early complex society in Southeast Asia between the first and sixth centuries C.E. It was centered in the rich rice-growing region of southern Vietnam, and it controlled the passage of trade across the Malaysian isthmus.
5 True/False Questions
Sahel → In Indian tradition, the residue of deeds performed in past and present lives that adheres to a 'spirit' and determines what form it will assume in its next life cycle. Used in India to make people happy with their lot in life.
savanna → tropical or subtropical grassland, either treeless or with occasional clumps of trees. Most extensive in sub-Saharan Africa but also present in South America.
Indian Ocean Maritime System → trading networks linking North Africa with sub-Saharan Africa across the Sahara.
theater-state → Treeless plains, especially the high, flat expanses of northern Eurasia, which usually have little rain and are covered with coarse grass. They are good lands for nomads and their herds. Good for breeding horses: essential to Mongol military.
Parthians → One of the Earliest Christian kingdoms, situated in eastern Anatolia and the western Caucasus and occupied by speakers of the Armenian language.