Exam 2 1-15

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Which gland in the body signals the brain and other glands in children's bodies to begin producing sex hormones?

pituitary

Male sex hormones are called __________, while female sex hormones are called

androgens; estrogens

The visible signs of sexual maturity that do not directly involve the sex organs are called

secondary sex organs

The surge in hormone production that triggers the beginning of adolescence may lead to rapid mood swings. Boys may have feelings of ________, while girls may feel ______

anger and annoyance; anger and depression

By drinking milk during their teenage years, girls can consume enough required _______ to avoid ________ later in their lives.

calcium; osteoporosis

Meredith is a 17-year-old adolescent female who weighs approximately 82 pounds and is gaunt and frail, with a skeletal appearance. Although she fears food and eating, she focuses on food by talking about food, collecting cookbooks, and cooking huge meals for others. Whenever she looks at herself in the mirror, her perception of her body is distorted in that she thinks she is disgustingly fat. Meredith is suffering from which of the following disorders?

anorexia nurvosa

Stella is a 16-year-old adolescent female who privately eats large quantities of food and then purges it immediately afterward by self-induced vomiting and taking laxatives. Stella is suffering from

bulimia

What is the area of the brain that undergoes considerable development during the adolescent years?

prefrontal cortex

According to Piaget, the stage at which people develop the ability to think abstractly is called the

formal operational thought

According to Piaget, what do adolescents employ during the formal operational stage of development that helps them reason differently than children in the concrete development stage?

propositional thought

The perspective that sees changes in adolescents' cognitive abilities as evidence of gradual transformations in the capacity to take in, use, and store information is called

information processing perspective

Which of the following terms relates to the knowledge that people have about their own thinking processes, and their ability to monitor their cognition?

metacognition

Fifteen-year-old Lawrence thought he had prepared for his final exams; however, when he got his scores he was disappointed. Rather than reviewing the areas of the test where he did not fare so well, Lawrence confronted his teacher with a verbal lashing and accused the teacher of being "out to get" him. Lawrence's behavior could be considered an example of

adolescent egocentrism

Adolescents who engage in risky behaviors such as not using condoms when engaging in sexual activity and driving recklessly when drunk are exhibiting

personal fable

All of the following are reasons why children from a lower socioeconomic status (SES) do not do as well in school as children from middle or high SES EXCEPT

children from middle and high SES groups are born with genetically superior IQ potential

While it is clear that the Internet is having an impact on education, schools should consider changing their curricula to include specific instruction in a key skill for deriving value from the Internet, specifically

the ability to search, choose, and integrate information in order to create new knowledge.

According to Erikson, the period during which teenagers seek to determine what is unique and distinctive about themselves is called

identity-versus-identity-confusion stage.

According to Erikson, if an adolescent struggles to find and adopt a suitable identity, he/she may do any/all of the following EXCEPT

develop an identity disorder/mental illness such as schizophrenia.

Erikson believed that because of the pressures related to the identity-versus-identity-confusion stage, many adolescents

pursue a "psychological moratorium," during which they take time off from responsibilities to explore alternative roles and possibilities.

According to James Marcia, the status of adolescents who commit to a particular identity following a period of crisis during which they consider various alternatives is called

identity achievement

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