5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- what were the problems that Rome faced, why they existed, and how they contributed to the fall of the empire?
- what was the effect that location had on the byzantine empire?
- in what ways did the use of slave labor hurt roman agriculture and the roman empire?
- who had voting rights in the roman republic?
- who are stoics and what do they believe?
- a economic problems happened because they stopped expanding the empire which meant that there was no new sources of wealth. so people had higher taxes to pay which was hard for many citizens. social- poor people found it harder to pay for education and communication was bad so many people would not find out about civic matters. agriculture- no new technology so the soil became hard to use (warfare + overuse). military- soldiers began to be less loyal and disciplined to rome and more to individual military leaders. political- people became less loyal and officials became more interested in money then rome. people no longer were willing to sacrifice for the good of rome.
- b the soil became difficult to farm on because of warfare and overuse. because slaves worked in the fields romans had no interest in inventing new tools. however no technology could have helped to save the soil. disease and hunger spread throughout the empire and many people died
- c the capitol stood in between europe and southwest asia. because of this it was a busy center of business and trade. merchants sold stuff on the streets from distant corners of asia, africa, and europe.
- d stoics are people that believe in stoicism. stoicism is the philosophy created by a greek philosopher zeno that stresses the importance of virtue, duty, and endurance in life. citizens should have these qualities.
- e average citizens. wealthy people and noble families did have a big influence though. the free-born male had the right to vote. women had few rights.
5 Multiple choice questions
- it threatened because all of the fighting could make it easy for attack and it also could make the government weak. people could break out into war.
- with augustus, they became an empire. he was brilliant and careful. he built a strong government where the senate represented citizen's interests but they had little power. rome grew and became strong. rome ruled over a lot of land. pax romana helped.
- the location made it easy to make roads. the river and sea helped trade and travel.
- greece's culture
5 True/False questions
what are the different legacies left behind by rome and why are they important? → justinian code- many codes of laws have gotten help from this. christianity- people still practice it today. mosaics- people still make them today. sculptures- are still made today. we still speak the european languages. we still use vaults domes and arches. and aqueducts. we still use roads.the principles of roman law helped to form the basis of legal systems in many euro. countries and the usa.
what is the Pax Romana? and who led rome into it? → pax romana was a long period time of roman peace and prosperity. this happened when augustus was in power.
why was the Roman republic formed? → he was a powerful ruler of the byzantine empire. he recaptured lost land and expanded the empire. he created a code of laws called the justinian code that regulated much of the byzantine life. he also made a impressive palace for him and his wife theodora.
why did rome drive tarquin from power? (government guided by what?) → he ruled with a harsh hand or cruelly. they never went back to having a king instead they created a republic government.
what was the importance of the major leaders: augustus, constantine, justinian, diocletian, etc? → 476