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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. what culture was strongly influenced by the culture of Rome?
  2. what were the problems that Rome faced, why they existed, and how they contributed to the fall of the empire?
  3. what was the importance of the major leaders: augustus, constantine, justinian, diocletian, etc?
  4. what caused the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire?
  5. what river was rome built on? how did it contribute to rome's growth?
  1. a with augustus, they became an empire. he was brilliant and careful. he built a strong government where the senate represented citizen's interests but they had little power. rome grew and became strong. rome ruled over a lot of land. pax romana helped.
  2. b augustus- pax romana under his power. created good government. his rule had greatest extent of its size and influence. constantine- stopped attacks on christians, and moved the capital from rome to byzantine ( then came known as constantinople) justinian- expanded and recaptured land. created the justinian code. created beautiful buildings (Hagia Sophia- beautiful church) diocletian-split rome into east and west. restored order by ruling with tolerating little opposition.
  3. c economic problems happened because they stopped expanding the empire which meant that there was no new sources of wealth. so people had higher taxes to pay which was hard for many citizens. social- poor people found it harder to pay for education and communication was bad so many people would not find out about civic matters. agriculture- no new technology so the soil became hard to use (warfare + overuse). military- soldiers began to be less loyal and disciplined to rome and more to individual military leaders. political- people became less loyal and officials became more interested in money then rome. people no longer were willing to sacrifice for the good of rome.
  4. d greece's culture
  5. e The tiber river. the river helped rome have busy trade throughout italy.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the soil became difficult to farm on because of warfare and overuse. because slaves worked in the fields romans had no interest in inventing new tools. however no technology could have helped to save the soil. disease and hunger spread throughout the empire and many people died
  2. senate
  3. the capitol stood in between europe and southwest asia. because of this it was a busy center of business and trade. merchants sold stuff on the streets from distant corners of asia, africa, and europe.
  4. they used their good army to conquer modern day italy and nearby lands. won against carthage. had power over most of the mediterranean sea
  5. they did not wanted to be ruled by a king. this way citizens had a voice in their government and no person had all the power.

5 True/False Questions

  1. what is the Pax Romana? and who led rome into it?he was a powerful ruler of the byzantine empire. he recaptured lost land and expanded the empire. he created a code of laws called the justinian code that regulated much of the byzantine life. he also made a impressive palace for him and his wife theodora.

          

  2. who had voting rights in the roman republic?average citizens. wealthy people and noble families did have a big influence though. the free-born male had the right to vote. women had few rights.

          

  3. who is justinian and what did he do?he was a powerful ruler of the byzantine empire. he recaptured lost land and expanded the empire. he created a code of laws called the justinian code that regulated much of the byzantine life. he also made a impressive palace for him and his wife theodora.

          

  4. Constantine outlawed attacks on whom?the christians

          

  5. why did christianity threaten the roman empire?average citizens. wealthy people and noble families did have a big influence though. the free-born male had the right to vote. women had few rights.

          

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