5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- who are stoics and what do they believe?
- How did romans gain control over the mediterranean sea?
- what are the different legacies left behind by rome and why are they important?
- in what ways did the use of slave labor hurt roman agriculture and the roman empire?
- who is justinian and what did he do?
- a the soil became difficult to farm on because of warfare and overuse. because slaves worked in the fields romans had no interest in inventing new tools. however no technology could have helped to save the soil. disease and hunger spread throughout the empire and many people died
- b stoics are people that believe in stoicism. stoicism is the philosophy created by a greek philosopher zeno that stresses the importance of virtue, duty, and endurance in life. citizens should have these qualities.
- c he was a powerful ruler of the byzantine empire. he recaptured lost land and expanded the empire. he created a code of laws called the justinian code that regulated much of the byzantine life. he also made a impressive palace for him and his wife theodora.
- d they used their good army to conquer modern day italy and nearby lands. won against carthage. had power over most of the mediterranean sea
- e justinian code- many codes of laws have gotten help from this. christianity- people still practice it today. mosaics- people still make them today. sculptures- are still made today. we still speak the european languages. we still use vaults domes and arches. and aqueducts. we still use roads.the principles of roman law helped to form the basis of legal systems in many euro. countries and the usa.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- economic problems happened because they stopped expanding the empire which meant that there was no new sources of wealth. so people had higher taxes to pay which was hard for many citizens. social- poor people found it harder to pay for education and communication was bad so many people would not find out about civic matters. agriculture- no new technology so the soil became hard to use (warfare + overuse). military- soldiers began to be less loyal and disciplined to rome and more to individual military leaders. political- people became less loyal and officials became more interested in money then rome. people no longer were willing to sacrifice for the good of rome.
- he ruled with a harsh hand or cruelly. they never went back to having a king instead they created a republic government.
- The tiber river. the river helped rome have busy trade throughout italy.
- it threatened because all of the fighting could make it easy for attack and it also could make the government weak. people could break out into war.
5 True/False Questions
what is the date of the fall of the western roman empire? → with no new conquests there was no new wealth to bring to the government. no new slaves. no new farming land.
how did the location of the settlement of Rome contribute to its successes? → 476
what was the importance of the major leaders: augustus, constantine, justinian, diocletian, etc? → augustus- pax romana under his power. created good government. his rule had greatest extent of its size and influence. constantine- stopped attacks on christians, and moved the capital from rome to byzantine ( then came known as constantinople) justinian- expanded and recaptured land. created the justinian code. created beautiful buildings (Hagia Sophia- beautiful church) diocletian-split rome into east and west. restored order by ruling with tolerating little opposition.
what is a schism and why did it happen in rome and what was the result of it? → justinian code- many codes of laws have gotten help from this. christianity- people still practice it today. mosaics- people still make them today. sculptures- are still made today. we still speak the european languages. we still use vaults domes and arches. and aqueducts. we still use roads.the principles of roman law helped to form the basis of legal systems in many euro. countries and the usa.
what was the effect that location had on the byzantine empire? → 476