HCC1 Topic Quiz 17 Civil Rights in the Twentieth Century

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In late 1961, the Kennedy administration encouraged civil rights activists in southern voter registration drives because

the freedom rides had resulted in violent confrontations.

The Declaration of Sentiments was issued

at the Seneca Falls Convention, which launched the women'''s rights movement

Which of the following best describes Eisenhower's attitude towards civil rights?

He was in favor of it, but thought that it was attitudes, rather than laws, that most needed changing.

Independent party candidate George Wallace never had a serious following.

False

Many progressives believed that women's votes would purify politics.

True

The feminist movement split in the 1920s over the issue of

the Equal Rights Amendment.

The Liberty party represented abolitionists'' first attempt to enter the political arena.

True

Where did the American Colonization Society send émigrés?

Liberia

The Supreme Court was deeply divided in its ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.

False

All of the following statements about the colonization movement are true EXCEPT

X Colonization Society members called for immediate and complete emancipation of southern slaves.
free blacks rejected the process.
black opposition led reformers to repudiate colonization and support immediate emancipation without emigration.
slaveholders rarely cooperated with the movement.
the Colonization Society''s solution to the evil of slavery reflected the power of racial prejudice in the early nineteenth century.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson saw to the passage of Kennedy's proposed legislation for

a tax cut and a civil rights bill.

Congress attempted to protect women and curb prostitution with passage of the

Mann Act

Which of the following choices lists events of the early civil rights movement in chronological order?

desegregation of armed forces, Brown decision, Montgomery bus boycott, Little Rock crisis, student sit-ins

The suffrage movement entered into a new, more organized phase with the 1890 formation of the

National American Woman Suffrage Association.

101 congressmen and senators signed the "southern manifesto" in response to the

Brown decision.

Betty Friedan's National Organization for Women comprised the radical wing of the women's movement.

False

Why did the Oneida community practice a form of free love?

The Second Coming of Christ had already occurred, and human beings were no longer obligated to follow old moral rules.

Utopian communities of the early and mid-nineteenth century included all of the following EXCEPT

X Unitarians.
the Shakers.
the Oneida community.
the Fourierists.
the Owenites.

In the mid 1830s, the Temperance Society unanimously agreed that abstinence from alcohol should be extended to beer and wine as well as liquor.

False

Prolonged adolescence in the 1920's led to new strains on the family in the form of youthful revolt.

True

Which event best explains what prompted Johnson to seek legislation that would protect voting rights?

the march from Selma to Montgomery

The abolitionists of the mid nineteenth century did all of the following EXCEPT

X they founded the Brook Farm cooperative.
they published the journal The Liberator.
they founded Oberlin College.
they formed the Liberty party.
they were conductors on the Underground Railroad.

Which of the following was not a case ruled on by the Supreme Court under Earl Warren during Kennedy's presidency?

X Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Escobedo v. Illinois
Gideon v. Wainwright
Baker v. Carr
Miranda v. Arizona

In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that separate schools had to be made equal.

False

Emerson preached that individuals could commune with a force that animated nature and the universe.

True

Dorothea Dix worked tirelessly on behalf of

institutions for the mentally ill.

The flapper image belied the continuing double standard surrounding premarital sex in the 1920s.

True

Which of the following does NOT describe most American transcendentalists?

X They believed in strict celibacy.
They believed the individual could transcend material reality.
Ralph Waldo Emerson was the movement''s prophet.
They embraced a philosophical and literary idealism of German origin.
They were unable to embrace evangelical Christianity because of intellectual resistance to its doctrines.

One of the major setbacks for the National Organization for Women was the failure to win ratification of the ERA.

True

The Oneida community upheld the tenets of traditional marriage.

False

The majority of Americans sympathized with the gay liberation movement after the onset of the AIDS epidemic.

False

Members of the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay Activist Alliance were able to accomplish all of the following EXCEPT

X an end to the ban on homosexuals in the military.
an end to sodomy statutes in many states.
an adoption of a gay rights plank in the Democratic National Platform.
an end to homosexuality as a classified mental disorder.
an end to housing and employment discrimination.

The most influential supporter of the common school movement was

Horace Mann.

As president, Truman oversaw the passage of the first general civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.

False

Antislavery activism served as a catalyst for the women''s rights movement.

True

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