AP Lang. and Comp. Literary Terms S

Created by burros Teacher

26 terms · FHS Nieb 2010-2011

sarcasm

crude and taunting use of apparent praise for dispraise - "Oh, you're God's gift to women, are you!" (a form of irony)

satire

the literary art ridiculing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking attitudes of amusement or contempt

direct satire

author clearly shows that the work is a satire

indirect satire

the satire is not stated directly but implied

scansion

the act of determining the prevailing rhythm of a poem

sensory detail

detailed description that appeals to and utilizes the five senses

sentimentality

excess emotion to an occasion, especially to an overindulgence in the intended emotions of pathos or sympathy

sestet

six line stanza

setting

the time, place, and natural environment in which all characters live and move, including all artifacts they use in their lives

cultural setting

the social locale and circumstances in which a narrative's actions occur historical setting the period of historical time in which a narrative is set

shift

an often intentional change in anything - point of view, scenery, mood, etc.; can often be intended as a device

simile

a figure of comparison using "like" with nouns and "as" with clauses

soliloquy

a form of discourse in which a character reveals his or her thoughts when alone unaware of the presence of other characters

sonnet

a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of fourteen iambic pentameter lines linked by an intricate rhyme scheme; Elizabethan and Petrarchan being the predominant forms

spondee

a foot of two successive syllables with approximately equal strong stresses Good strong thick stupefying incense smoke (Browning)

stanza

a grouping of the verse-lines in a poem, set off by a space in the printed text

stereotype

a character who is so ordinary and unoriginal that he or she seems to have been cast in a mold; a representative character; see character definition

stream of consciousness

a narrative method using long passages of introspection; used to describe the unbroken flow of perceptions, thought, and feelings in the waking mind

structure

the form or overall design and arrangement of material in a work; the organizing principles in a work of literature

style

the modes and devices of expression in prose or verse. Thus diction, grammatical constructions, figurative language, alliteration and other sound patterns all enter into style.

subplot

in double plots (of Elizabethan drama), a second story that is complete and interesting in its own right

syllogism

a logical scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion which must logically be true if the premises are true

symbol

a specific word, idea, or object that may stand for ideas, values, persons, or ways of life

synaesthesia

descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another; using one sensory experience todescribe another; for example, description of sound in terms of color - "the scarlet horns and pastel strings"

synecdoche

a part of something is used to signify the whole or vice versa -- 'ten hands' meaning ten workmen, 'new wheels' meaning new car

syntax

(1) the way that sequences of words are ordered into phrases, clauses, and sentences; (2) the study of the above

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