Metabolism | Ch 8

23 terms by mwidjaja1

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Metabolism

Sum of an organism's chemical reactions from molecular interactions

Catabolic Pathways vs. Anabolic Pathways

Catabolic breaks complex molecules to release energy.

Anabolic builds complex molecules to use energy.

Metabolic Pathways

Begins with a specific molecule & is catalyzed by enzymes until it reaches a product.

Energy

Capacity to cause change and exists in several forms

Kinetic/Thermal Energy (Basics)

Kinetic E is related to motion.

Thermal Energy is KE of random atom & molecule movement.

Potential/Chemical Energy (Basics)

Potential E is related to location.

Chemical Energy is PE that's releasable in chemical reactions.

∆G (Basics)

Energy Changes of chemical reactions which lets us identify if they need energy

Free Energy

Energy that can do work when the temp & pressure is uniform such as in a cell.

Exergonic vs. Endergonic Reactions

Exergonic: Releases Free Energy & is spontaneous. (So - ∆G)

Endergonic: Absorb Free Energy & isn't spontaneous. (So + ∆G)

Cells & Equilibrium

Cells aren't in equilibrium & are open systems. The Catabolic Pathways release free energy.

Cells (Work Basics)

Technical, Transport, & Chemical. These are powered by ATP Hydrolysis.

Energy Coupling (Basic)

Cells managing energy by using an Exergonic Process to do an Endergonic Process.

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP Basics)

Provides the energy that runs most of a cell's function

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP Structure)

3 Phosphates - 1 Ribose - 1 Adenine

ATP to Energy Process

ATP & H2O kills each other to an ADP, a Phosphate, & Energy

Energy Coupling (Example)

The Exergonic Process of ATP Hydrolysis gives the energy for Endergonic Processes

Phosphorylation

ATP sends a Phosphate Group to make phosphorylated molecules for Endergonic Reactions

Phosphotase vs. Kinase

Phosphotase removes PO4. Kinase adds PO4.

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP Regeneration)

Energy from Catabolic Reactions combines a Phosphate Group to ADP to create another ATP

Metabolic Equilibrium

When the cell stops working due to environmental conditions & the cell dies.

Aerobic Respiration

PPT Image

Anaerobic Respiration

PPT Image

Aerobic Respiration vs. Anaerobic Respiration Net Results

Aerobic is preferred since it produces 66% more energy than Anaerobic.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set