they reflect practice and adress specific phenomena, address nursing interventions and predict the consequence of a specific nursing intervention. tests the validity and predictability of nursing interventions
describe the phenomena, speculate on the reason of phenomena occur, and predict nursing phenomena
a broad and complex and provide a structural framework for broad, abstract ideas about nursing
a set of concept, defenitions, relationships and assumptions that explains a phenomenon
do not formilate legislation, measure nursing functions, or reflect any domain of nursing practice
contains the subject, central concepts, values and beliefs, phenomena of interest, and the central problems of the discipline
is a model that explains the linkage of science, philosophy and theory that is accepted and applied by the discipline.
are defined as aspects of reality that can be consciously sensed or experienced.
theory is more limited in scope and a less abstract. For example, Mishel's theory of uncertainty in illness. The theory provides a basis to assist client in coping with the uncertainty and the illness responce.
Evidence-based nursing practice
theory-generating and theory testing research