Micro Study Questions

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gram positive endospore forming rod, obligate anaerobe

clostridium

gram positive endospore forming rod not obligate anaerobe

bacillus

gram positive non-endospore forming rods producing conidiospores

streptomyces

gram positive non-endospore forming rods acid fast

mycobacterium

gram positive non-endospore forming cocci lacking cytochrome system

streptococcus

gram positive non-endosproe forming cocci using aerobic respiration

staphylococcus

gram negative helical or curved with axial filament

treponema

gram negative helical or curved without axial filament

spirullum

gram negative rods aerobic non-fermenting

pseudomonas

gram negative rods facultatively anaerobic

escherichia, shigella

lack cell walls

mycoplasma

obligate intracellular parasites transmitted by ticks

rickettsia

obligate intracellular parasites with reticulate bodies in host cells

chlymydia

gram negative rods

you would expect to mostly find ..... in a gram stain of the human intesting

pathogenic bacteria can be....

motile, rods, cocci, anerobic

intracellular parasite

rickettsia

pleomorphic gram positive rods

corynebacterium

spirillum is not classified as a spirochete....

possess axial filaments

heterocysts

are found in some nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria

mycolic acids

found in the cell wall of mycobacterium

endoflagella

provide motility to spirochetes

geosmin

produced by many streptomyces

serovars, typhoid fever

salmonella

cause of Q fever

coxiella

several pseudomona species have been reclassified into this genus

burkholderia

grow obligately in white blood cells, cause a tick borne disease

ehrlichia

endosymbionts of insects

wolbachia

clostridium

endospores

fusobacterium

anaerobic gram negative slender rods with pointed ends

streptomyces

filamentous bacteria that produce most of our commercial antibiotics

gram positive cocci that form grape like clusters

staphylococcus

gram positive cocci that are aerotolerant anaerobes

streptomyces

cause of cat scratch fever

bartonella

cause of meliodosis

burkholderia

many of these are plant pathogens causing plant soft rot diseases

erwinia

chlamydia

infectious by elementary bodies

filamentous bacteria, aerobes, cell wall resembles mycobacteria, often stain acid fast

nocardia

spirochetes

leptospira

some of these are stalked and attach themselves to aquatic surfaces

caulobacter

caulobacter

stalks

many are capable of fixing nitrogen in the air

klebsiella

genus homo

domain eukarya

genus sulfolobus

domain archaea

genus staphylococcus

domain bacteria

genus chlamydia

domain bacteria

cytophaga

a genus of gliding bacteria that is an important cellulose degrader

sheathed bacterium

sphaerotilus natans

chemoautotrophic bacterium that participates in nitrification in soil

nitrosomona

photosynthetic bacteria that may fix nitrogen

cyanobacterium

photosynthetic, anoexygenic bacteria sulfer compounds for energy, sulfur granules in the cells

purple or green sulfer bacteria

has organelle that resemble the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell

cytophaga

cause of pertussis

bordetella pertussis

produces a food-poisoning enterotoxin

staphylococcus aureus

endospores

clostridium tetani

plague

yersenia pestis

important operation of an activated sludge sewage system

zoogloea

observed to fix nitrogen while living in close association with certain tropical grasses

azospirillum

filamentous bacterial pathogen

nocardia asteroides

bdellovibrio

deltaproteobacteria

heliobacter

epsilonproteobacteria

pseudomonas

gammaproteobacteria

escherichia

gammaproteobacteria

rhizobium

alphaproteobacteria

neisseria

betaproteobacteria

serratia marcescens

produce a red colored pigment

peptidoglycan

is not contained in the cell walls of archea

alpha hemolytic

types of bacteria forming a narrow greenish zone of hemolysis

beta hemolytic

types of bacteria forming a clear zone of hemolysis

streptococcus pyogenes

beta hemolytic bacteria

prosthecae

appendages such as stalks or buds on bacteria

dissimulartory

when nutrients are not assimilated and external products sucha s hydrogen sulfide as are formed

a gram positive bacterium with a G/C content of 35%

would be considered a member of the low G/C gram positive bacteria

ehrlichia

tick borne

have axial filaments

borrelia, the causative agent of lyme disease is a spirochete similar to treponema, both bacteria have.....

nitrogen fixing ability

azosprillus, azotobacter, and azomonas

burkeholderia is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections because....

it grows on some antiseptics

pseudomonas differs from eschericia because it

has polar flagella, is aerobic and is oxidase positive

cyanobacteria

are not pathogenic

enterics

facultatively anaerobic gram negative rods found in the intestines of animals

betaproteobacteria

do not contain nitrogen fixing bacteria

rickettsia are different from most other bacteria because they

are intracellular parasites

streptomyces are not fungi because

streptomyces have prokaryotic cells

factor believed to limit the size of most bacteria

the ability of nutrients to enter and move through the cell be diffusion and other membrane transport processes

how many different bacterial species have been described?

5000

borrelia cannot form

filaments

thiomargarita

is NOT in the domain archaea

bacillus is not in the phylum

actinobacter

ring like growth pattern on agar

proteus

axial filaments

spherochetes

eflux pumps

pseudomonas

requires a arthropod vector,rocky mountain spotted fever

rickettsia

common intestinal bacteria

gram negative, facultative anaerobes, enterics

does not require a vector

chlymydia

rickettsia

obligate intracellular gram negative parasite

virus

non-cellular, filterable, can be intracellular parasites or not, can be asexual or sexual

bacteria

cellular, filterable, can be intracellula parasite or not, can be asexual or sexual

ringworm

ascomycetes

candida

pathogenic when the opportunity arises following a heavy round of antibiotic

clostridium

gram negative obligate anaerobe that produces endospores

gastroenteritis from restaurant chicken

c.jejuni

coastal water, shell fish

vibrio

gonarrhea

neiserria gonarrhea

lyme disease

bb

syphyllis

treponema palladium

streptococcus mutans

dental caries

endoflagella

axial filaments

borrelia,leptospira,treponema

spirochetes-axial filaments(endoflagella)

proteobacteria

includes most gram negative chemoheterotrophic

chemoheterotroph

an organism that uses organic molecules as a source of carbon and energy

chemoautotroph

an organism that uses an inorganic chemical as an energy source and co2 as a carbon source

spirillum

fresh water, motile by conventional polar flagella, large gram negative aerobic bacteria

volutans

spirillum

haemophilus

x and v factors

tetanus

c tetani

botulism

c botulinum

c perfringens

gangrene

c difficile

diarrhea following antibiotics

aureus

golden, yellow pigmented colonies

strep pneumo

alpha hemolytic gram positive cocci causing pneumococcal pneumonia

bacteroides

deep infections, puncture wounds or surgery

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