linguistic abilities have developed over time as a result of Darwinian evolution.
there is no innate linguistic ability; & linguistic evolution occurs as a result of learning and cultural evolution
suggested that language is an innate faculty - that is to say that we are born with a set of rules about language in our heads
An innate blueprint that guides the acquisition of grammar
believes that parts of the brain have evolved over time specifically for the purpose of producing and understanding language (nature)
have grown up with little or no human contact.
developed a theory called Classical Conditioning
conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex
pioneer of operant conditioning who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history of rewards and punishments.
famous for use of his operant conditioning aparatus which he used to study schedules of reinforcement on pidgeons and rats.
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher.
Mother says, "Daddy," to the child each time Dad comes in the room. The child learns to associate the sound "Daddy" with the person.
Baby hits by chance upon the combination "da-da." Dad, upon hearing this immediately picks him up, swings him around and makes a fuss.
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—naturally and automatically—triggers a response.
in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.
in classical conditioning a stimulus that before conditioning does not produce a particular response
in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response
in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (CS).